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Why Africa Needs To Embrace The Blockchain

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For the last two years, the rate of economic crime has shot up by 7 percent in the African continent to about 57 percent (vs. a global rate of 36 percent). The rationale behind this is the simplicity to bleach the economic measures in African countries.

The Problem with Trading in Africa

It is expensive to transport goods from a country to another and this makes the cost of trading a little too high. In fact, crossing borders and ports in Africa is so expensive that it ends up minimising the benefits that the continent can get from international trade.

According to the Business Daily Africa, the cost of transporting goods to African countries exceeds that of the United States by up to five times. In most cases, the poor transportation networks and slow government procedures make exporters and importers spend at least 50 percent longer to reach the market compared to Eastern Asia.

Blockchain, the Inevitable Revolution

With blockchain, Africa (and the world) can get on track. The network has immense benefits for trade and government activities. Although few anticipated that blockchain could redefine the way commerce is carried out in the world, but it is doing much more. After starting out on cryptocurrencies, the technology is now influencing how industries and governments are carrying out their activities.

The blockchain influence is also being felt in the public sector. For instance, 90 percent of governmental institutions are already planning to use the blockchain to revolutionise their services. For example, public organisations are keen to utilise the blockchain’s accessibility and convenience to impact in the management of assets, identification, supply, contracts, and regulations.

The Benefits of the Blockchain for African Countries

In the major industrial ecosystems, the blockchain can be essential in handling sophisticated missions and processes across borders. In the same way, governments can use the technology to improve their citizen services.

While many governments in the world are trying to achieve globalisation, it is important that they foster trust. Trust means increasing transparency in the country’s economic sectors. Efficient management of funds, citizen participation, and accountability are all key pillars towards the realisation of trust in a country.

Blockchain can be helpful to help Africa achieve economic trust and to reduce corruption. The technology is efficient enough to enable governments to record transactions transparently so as to prevent fraud. Of course, politicians will also have to be willing to move towards more transparency, which could be a bigger challenge than actually implementing the technology.

If a state embraces blockchain technology, it can have customised digital identity for its citizens, which would be encrypted but available for them to access essential social services. This could be critical in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in Africa.

Again, the technology is key to improving the way local and national governments deliver services to their citizens. For instance, the network could be critical in helping electoral commissions in ensuring voters exercise their right only once during an election. Also, the system can be crucial in storing medical records, which can have substantial benefits to the health crisis in Africa.

African governments that want to make their tendering and procurement processes more efficient should also embrace blockchain technology. This could help rid the authorities of the losses that come from errors and fraud. Countries such as Senegal and Tunisia are already launching national cryptocurrencies on the blockchain. This could revolutionise and simplify financial transactions throughout the continent.

In summary, there are hundreds of benefits in store for African governments that embrace the blockchain. Apparently, even other countries in the world are starting to launch the technology. According to a report by the Economist Intelligence Unit and the IBM’s Institute for Business Value (IBV), there is an increasing number of government bodies embracing blockchains in a bid to increase accuracy and innovation.

Blockchain Technology

Kenya’s Financial Institutions Want Blockchain-Based Financial Products Approved

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blockchain-based financial products

Dr. Patrick Njoroge, the Governor of the Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) revealed that the central bank is receiving several applications from financial institutions in Kenya soliciting the approval and licensing of blockchain-based products and services.

His statement comes at a time when most financial institutions in the country are busy trying to find ways of addressing the disruption caused by blockchain technology. As it stands, both market regulators and key industry players in the financial sector are considering regulations and guidelines for the blockchain, virtual currencies, and online forex trading.

Speaking during a gathering of investment professionals, Dr. Njoroge said: “A number of banks are currently working on products (and services) hinged on blockchain technology and we think that they offer a lot of promise. We are not anti-innovation or anti-cryptocurrency. We support innovation but are concerned about the impact on financial instability and the inherent risks. CBK is working with central banks all over the world to identify the risks and find ways to mitigate them. The weakest link is where problems in our financial system will start.”

The blockchain was initially designed as an underlying technology for cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin but has over the years been utilised to help streamline the delivery of products and services in different sectors by governments and corporates.

Alternative Investment Schemes

The move by financial institutions in Kenya to solicit for the approval of blockchain comes two months after Joe Mucheru, Kenya’s Cabinet Secretary for ICT announced a blockchain taskforce that was formed to give recommendations on how the government can leverage the blockchain.

Dr. Njoroge went on to say that most online forex trading transactions tend to happen outside the central bank of Kenya’s jurisdiction. Last year saw Kenya’s Capital Markets Authority issue new regulations meant to curb risks that are linked to online forex and cryptocurrency trading. So far, there only exists one firm in the country that has an online foreign exchange license.

The National Treasury’s Director General, Public Investment and Portfolio Management, Esther Koimett, said there is a special interest by the national treasury on issues that affect the financial sector in Kenya and that alternative investment opportunities are progressively becoming crucial in resource mobilisation. She went on to add: “Last year the government launched the M-Akiba Bond as an alternative way for Kenyans to invest in Government Securities. Such alternatives need to be encouraged.”

A speech read on behalf of Bernard Ndung’u, the chairman of the Public Sector Accounting Board (PSAB) by Lazarus Kimang, stated: “Due to the ever-changing investment environment, there is a need to improve and continuously enhance the skills of financial analysts employed within government institutions. This will ensure that public sector entities are provided with sound advice on investment alternatives and strategies that derive them maximum returns.”

The PSAB chairman went on to share his concerns about other investment schemes that would make people vulnerable to fraud cases as well as the difficulty that financial market players would encounter in assessing different investment opportunities such as bitcoin.

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UNICEF Invests in Blockchain-based Early Child Development Startup Amply

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UNICEF Invests in Amply

The UNICEF Innovation Fund has announced its first investment into a South African startup called Amply, which leverages blockchain technology to better manage early childhood development services.

Founded on the IXO blockchain protocol, Amply is a UNICEF-backed application that is creating a universal shared ledger for impact data. Early child development (ECD) centers can record and validate pre-school attendance claims. The government of South Africa is then able to exchange these claims with subsidies, which create accountability and makes the funding process more transparent.

Based in Switzerland, the IXO blockchain is a project that is building the needed technology for the impact investment space. Its technology is meant to scale impact measurement as well as allow for the invention of digital assets known as Impact Tokens that are supported by verified impact data.

The Amply Platform

The Amply system enables every child to have a mobile digital identity that verifies their existence, records the history of their education and enables them to receive the benefits that they deserve. Known as the digital identity protocol, the system is already changing the way pre-school children are registered in South Africa.

AmplyThe system has been built in such a way that it stores the digital identity and personal details of each individual child privately allowing only for the child or their parent to have control. Since the pilot was launched in 2016, about 85 ECD centers have recorded over 61,000 digital attendance, especially in the Western Cape region. Pre-school teachers, through a verifiable claim format, are now able to collect data on attendance through the mobile application developed by Amply, as part of a pilot project. The verifiable claim format is a systematised template that allows for the exchange and use of information across datastores, which helps break down information silos between various stakeholders. The validated attendance claim is then tokenised as a digital asset that a given ECD center can exchange for subsidy grant funding from the government.

According to TechBullion, the digital data captured by Amply has metadata – location, date and time of collection – that has a mathematical proof marking that proves the claim comes from a given origin. This way, the data has a built-in error checking that makes it possible for an external authority to validate the entry without the need to know what is contained in the data. The mathematical proof tied to the metadata is free from any tampering.

In most ECD centers today, teachers are forced to use a paper-based system that cannot be verified. As such, the centers are forced to submit lengthy attendance reports whenever they need to claim subsidies for the services rendered to the Department of Social Development. The government is, therefore, forced to spend a massive amount of time in auditing the attendance reports which makes it a long and expensive process. Besides, stakeholders such as NGOs, ECD centers, the government and other institutions are unable to utilise the information available in the analog reports to come up with comprehensive analytics and program optimisations.

However, with the availability of the global data ledger by Amply, all stakeholders can now have access to crucial information such as where and how the services are being delivered which will help them to plan better and allocate resources. Besides, the data ledger has brought about increased trust in the funding ecosystem which has resulted in increased funding for needy children while saving the administration money and time.

While education is the main focus for Amply at the moment, there is excitement for potential applications that will tackle access to government subsidies, healthcare, food and other goods and services sector. Data collected via Amply has the potential to help improve the consistency and quality of services that South Africans receive. And for Amply, it is just the beginning as they are looking to expand to more schools in the country to help the more than 3.5 million children that are currently not receiving pre-school education.

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BlockCerts Targets Africa Through New Blockchain Strategic Alliance in Mauritius

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Blockcerts Blockchain Strategic Alliance Mauritius

BlockCerts has announced the formation of a Blockchain Strategic Alliance in Mauritius to target the African market.

BlockCerts, a private blockchain platform developed by Seattle-based Finaeos, will be promoting blockchain initiatives in Africa in partnership with Rogers Capital, the fintech arm of the Mauritius-based Rogers Group.

Timothy Vasko, founder and chief architect of BlockCerts, said in a press release: “This is an exciting step for BlockCerts. Through our operations in Mauritius and working with the team of Rogers Capital, we will be bringing new blockchain innovation and infrastructure functions, to generate new opportunities for growth, inclusion, and advantage to the African population businesses, and governments as blockchain evolves to serve the combined population 1.3 billion people.”

According to the World Bank, Mauritius is the easiest place to do business in Africa while the African Development Bank has rated the Island as the most competitive on the continent. The country is also aiming to become the new Singapore by becoming an investment and trade hub for global investors wishing to set up their operations in Africa.

Mauritius also showed its determination in becoming a trade hub when it joined 43 other African nations in signing the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) signed in March 2018.

“We are excited to begin operations with Rogers Capital, as the market potential for building blockchain infrastructure is massive when considering the 2.5 billion people who are seeking new inclusion and opportunity in [the] supply chain, payments, and fintech, which can all be served on the BlockCerts blockchain,” Vasko stated.

Vasko also said BlockCerts’ sister companies have been incorporated and operating successfully in India as technology providers for five years. The company has now expanded to Africa where it will provide the continent with technology platforms from its operations in Mauritius.

“This area is committed to becoming a world force, improving the lives of millions, and enhancing trade and transparency through blockchain. We couldn’t [be] more excited to bring BlockCerts forward with our partners from Mauritius,” he added.

“We are very pleased to have the involvement of BlockCerts with Rogers Capital in bringing blockchain to our Corporate, Technology and Financial services – while we continue on the path to pursue new opportunities. […] Blockchain is the next big wave that will propel the world stage forward. We are committed at Rogers Capital, to be a leader at the head of the surf with BlockCerts to power our blockchain initiatives,” said Rogers Capital CEO Kabir Ruhee.

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