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The South African Reserve Bank Will Offer No Protection for ICO Investors

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In light of the recent ban of initial coin offerings in China and the announcement of ICO regulations in the US, Russia and Hong Kong, the South African Reserve Bank publicly announced its views on the status of initial coin offerings (ICOs) in South Africa.

No protection for consumers who invest in ICOs

In a statement to the news outlet VentureBurn, a spokesperson for the South African central bank said:

“In South Africa, cryptocurrencies are not guaranteed by the SARB (SA Reserve Bank), hence offer no recourse or protection to consumers thereof,” which includes newly issued coins that have sprung out of initial coin offerings.

In other words, should you suffer a loss from investing in an initial coin offering (also known as crowdsale or token sale) as a South African resident there is no legal recourse that you can take to recuperate your funds as initial coin offerings are not regulated by the South African Reserve Bank.

Initial coin offerings are a new form of startup financing that involves the sale of a new digital token to early backers of the project. The new tokens are usually bought using existing cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin (BTC) or ether (ETH) during a two to four-week crowdsale period and then become tradable on digital currency exchanges such as Bittrex or Poloniex.

Good news for South African blockchain startups

While the SARB’s statement may sound daunting for investors who are interested in this hot new area of the cryptocurrency market, this is, in fact, good news for South African tech startups as it suggests that the central bank has no intentions of banning or restricting ICOs in any way.

Given the country’s flourishing bitcoin startup scene, it would not be a surprise to see several South African blockchain projects launch their own token sales in the near future.

This is also good news for South African cryptocurrency investors who are looking at the ICO market as an excellent opportunity to diversify their crypto asset holdings.

While some of the best performing ICO tokens (such as IOTA, NEO, and Stratis) have generated a return on investment of over 50,000 percent since their launch, it is important to note that there are also a lot of scams and mediocre projects issuing new digital tokens through ICOs. Hence, it is important to conduct thorough due diligence on the initial coin offerings you are considering investing in to ensure that you are making a smart investment decision. ICO investments are high risk/high return and should, therefore, only make up a small part of your overall cryptocurrency portfolio.

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eatBCH – Bitcoin Cash Community Has Raised Over $10,000 to Feed Vulnerable South Sudanese

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eatBCH

eatBCH is a charitable cause launched with the aim to help feed individuals who live in Venezuela’s struggling economy through donations in Bitcoin Cash (BCH). After initially launching in Venezuela, eatBCH was also launched in South Sudan to bring the “peer-to-peer electronic cash-to-food system” to the central African nation.

To find out more about the eatBCH initiative in South Sudan, BitcoinAfrica.io spoke to one of the organisation’s volunteers, Garang Deng.

eatBCH in South Sudan

EatBCH South SudanIn a conversation over Telegram, Garang Deng told BitcoinAfrica.io that the eatBCH South Sudan team, which works on a volunteer basis, was inspired by the initiative’s impact in Venezuela after which a team member got in touch with eatBCH Venezuela to find out more how the charitable cause was run in the South American country.

After several of today’s team members attended the Africa Blockchain Conference in Kampala in May 2018, the group decided to launch an eatBCH initiative in South Sudan.

“We launched it there and got our first donation, and we bought some food items on our way back home,” Deng explained.

Since there are no businesses or vendors that accept bitcoin cash and no local cryptocurrency exchanges in South Sudan, the eatBCH team uses Ugandan exchange Coinpesa to convert the BCH to mobile money, which it then uses to make its food purchases.

“We started the charity part-time on weekends in the capital, Juba, in our neighbourhood and then expanded to some of the most affected areas by the conflict, such as the town of Yei or Bor. There, we were able to feed over 500 internally displaced people, mostly elderly and children. We were able to do that through our colleagues whom we trained after coming back from the blockchain conference,” Deng elaborated.

Since May 2018, the eatBCH South Sudan initiative has managed to raise over $10,000 said Deng.

More to Come

Future plans of eatBCH in South Sudan are “to teach people to use this money to improve their lives not only for feeding but to trade with it. Also, we are planning to send these kids who work on the streets to school if we are able to get the support we need.”

Anyone that is interested in contributing to the charitable cause on a voluntary basis is welcome to do so. Currently, the broader team includes students from high schools and colleges who help to distribute the food to children and the elderly.

Moreover, anyone wishing to contribute financially to the cause can donate to eatBCH’s Bitcoin Cash (BCH) wallet found on the initiative’s Twitter and website.

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Top 20 African Blockchain Influencers to Follow on Crypto Twitter in 2019

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African Blockchain Influencers

Blockchain technology has evolved beyond being a solely decentralised database for digital currencies. Now, the blockchain is being used to transform and disrupt traditional infrastructures in Africa from banking and healthcare to real estate and even ride shares.

BitcoinAfrica.io has compiled a list of 20 leading African blockchain influencers that are helping to make these changes happen.

Michael Kimani

Mic Kimani is the Chairman of the Blockchain Association of Kenya and co-founder at Chamapesa, a company using blockchain technology to digitise social savings groups in Africa. An expert with over five years of experience in the industry, Michael is considered one of Africa’s foremost cryptocurrency and blockchain thought leaders.

John Karanja

John Karanja is the founder of BitHub Africa, a blockchain accelerator located in Nairobi, Kenya. He also founded the blockchain startup Whive, a peer-to-peer protocol that extends Bitcoin incentivising sustainable energy solutions through trustless rewards.

Sonya Kuhnel

Sonya Kuhnel is a pioneer in the South African blockchain technology industry. She serves as Managing Director of the Blockchain Academy, co-founded the Blockchain Africa Conference, and BitSure that uses blockchain technology for retail payments.

Tricia Martinez

Tricia Martinez is the CEO and founder at Wala, a zero-fee financial services app for emerging markets. She is a behavioural economist who has made her career in driving innovative technology solutions to underserved people in Africa.

Vinny Lingham

Vinny Lingham is a serial entrepreneur and the CEO of CivicKey, a company that builds blockchain ID platforms. He was the ICT Personality of the Year in South Africa in 2008 and Shark Tank’s first bitcoin investor.

Alakanani Itireleng

Alakanani Itireleng is on a mission to educate Botswana’s citizens about bitcoin and blockchain technology. Itireleng founded the Gaborone-based Satoshicentre, a platform aimed at teaching blockchain technology in Botswana and Africa, and the farming blockchain platform Plaas.

Gareth Grobler

Gareth Grobler is a co-founder of the cryptocurrency exchange ICE³X and speaker on the topics of digital assets and blockchain technology. He has over 14 years of experience in IT infrastructure development.

Faith Obafemi

Faith Obafemi is a digital lawyer advising on legal tech, digital assets, smart contracts, and everything else blockchain-related. She is passionate about the blockchain industry and regularly contributes as a writer in this field.

Frank Deya

Frank Deya is the COO of æternity Hub Africa and co-founded Nairobi-based blockchain startup BitSoko. He is also a regular speaker at blockchain events in Kenya.

Tawanda Kembo

Tawanda Kembo is a co-founder of Zimbabwean bitcoin exchange Golix. He has been involved with the blockchain technology since 2013 and has acted as a consultant to several blockchain companies in Africa.

Verengai Mabika

Verengai Mabika is a Senior Policy Advisor at the Global Public Policy team and a blockchain enthusiast. In his own words, he is a social innovation freak who helped to build Zimbabwean cryptocurrency exchange Golix.

Dickson Nsofor

Dickson Nsofor is the CEO and co-founder of Korapay, a cross-border payment and remittance platform, that aims to connect Africa to the rest of the world.

Professor Nii Quaynor

Professor Nii Quaynor is a Ghanaian Internet pioneer. He is well known for pioneering Internet development and expansion throughout Africa for almost two decades, establishing some of the continent’s first Internet connections. He is also the Chairman of Ghana Dot Com and a proponent of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology for Africa.

Kwame Rugunda

Kwame Rugunda is the Chairman of the Blockchain Association of Uganda. He is also the CEO of CryptoSavannah, which offers solutions, advice and training in blockchain technology, and organised the Africa Blockchain Conference.

Riccardo Spagni

Riccardo Spagni is the founder of the privacy-centric digital currency Monero. He acts as the lead of the Monero Dev team and is also involved in several projects and startups including South Africa-based Tari.

Farzam Ehsani

Farzam Ehsani is a Co-Founder and CEO at VALR, a new South African digital asset exchange. He also helped to establish the Foundery, RMB’s fintech unit, where he is currently leading Rand Merchant Bank’s blockchain initiative.

G-J van Rooyen

G-J van Rooyen is the CEO of Custos Tech, a company using blockchain technology with forensic watermarking to impact copyright protection.

Devon Krantz

Devon Krantz is a co-founder and managing director of Linum Labs. Linum Labs provides blockchain training, consulting, smart contract auditing and software development solutions globally.

Lorien Gamaroff

Lorien Gamaroff is the CEO of South African cryptocurrency wallet startup Centbee. He is a regular speaker at blockchain conferences and a proponent of the recently forked Bitcoin Cash offshoot Bitcoin Satoshi Vision (BSV).

Elisha Owusu Akyaw

Elisha Owusu Akyaw is Africa’s youngest blockchain influencer, marketer and journalist. The 17-year-old Ghanaian founded BlockXAfrica, a blockchain marketing company, and the cryptocurrency news site CoinNewsLive.com.

 

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Is KeniCoin Kenya’s First Homegrown Cryptocurrency Scam?

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KeniCoin is a Kenyan cryptocurrency that has been in the spotlight recently over allegations of potentially being a scam. BitcoinAfrica.io investigated KeniCoin to determine whether it is a legitimate cryptocurrency or a fraudulent operation. In this article, you will discover our findings.

What is KeniCoin?

KeniCoin claims to be a multi-utility cryptocurrency platform that is fueled by KeniCoin (KNC) tokens. According to the KeniCoin website, the cryptocurrency is backed by real businesses, which is supposed to make it a reliable and predictable payment option for vendors.

The platform claims to offer free and fast peer-to-peer online transactions. Moreover, KeniCoin investors will allegedly receive a high return on investment (ROI) on KNC tokens due to their limited supply and presence of a strong merchant network. Consumers, on the other hand, will be able to enjoy a 40 percent discount whenever they transact using KeniCoin.

Furthermore, KeniCoin claims to provide an alternative saving option to banks, which allows for micro-savings and provides interest. The website describes KeniCoin as the “Next Generation Banking Platform for the people in Kenya and Africa.”

How Does KeniCoin Work?

KeniCoin is marketed as an ERC-20 token based on the Ethereum blockchain. To purchase the cryptocurrency you have to register on the KeniCoin site and provide your name, a username, email address, and password. Once your account has been verified you can proceed to log in.

To get started, you have to fund your account using bitcoin (BTC) or fiat currency via mobile money.

Once you deposit money in your KeniCoin account, you will receive the equivalent amount of KNC in your in-platform wallet. However, during our analysis, we noticed the BTC wallet option appeared to be no longer working. It is unclear whether this is a technical problem or a shift to a fiat-only operation.

If you are looking to convert your KeniCoins to another cryptoasset, there are instructions on the site directing you to the KeniCoin Exchange. Information on the platform states users can trade KeniCoins (KNC) for bitcoin (BTC) or ether (ETH).

The exchange asserts that you can trade your KNC for fiat and withdraw your earnings via a direct bank transfer. Moreover, should you decide to lock away 50 or more KeniCoins in the platform, you are entitled to ten percent interest every month.

The KeniCoin ICO

KeniCoin launched an ICO in July 2018. The token sale was marketed aggressively on local radio and through KeniCoin agents. According to the site, ten million KNC tokens were provided for the ICO and retailed at KES 100 (worth around $1.00).

The site alleges $250,000 was raised from the token sale with 500,000 tokens being sold. Moreover, according to the KeniCoin whitepaper, the newly issued tokens will gain in value. Specifically, the company stated in the whitepaper:

“We are very sure that, within the first 12 month after ICO, the value of KeniCoin will have increased at least 30 folds, which is around 3000%.”

The project road map outlines that 20 percent of the funds raised will go to the founders with the bulk of the remainder being used to develop various platforms accepting KNC payments. The KeniCoin tokens were to be traded on the KeniCoin Exchange, which was launched soon thereafter.

Regulator Warns Against KeniCoin

In January 2019, the Capital Markets Authority (CMA), Kenya’s market regulator issued a press release warning the public against participating in the KeniCoin token sale or trading KNC. The CMA CEO, Paul Muthaura stated,

“It is important for the general public to note that the nature and features of the Capital Raising and Coins Trading promoted by Wiseman Talent Ventures is taking the form of Regulated activities which have not yet been approved by the Authority.”

The regulator expressed its concerns about KeniCoin promising investors a ten percent monthly return on their initial investment on KNC tokens. In addition, the CMA pointed out that KeniCoin was being marketed as rising exponentially in value since its ICO which posed “substantive information asymmetry, liquidity and fraud risks.”

“The Authority is currently investigating the operations of Wiseman Talent Ventures. We have noted discrepancies in the information provided on the firm’s website www.kenicoin.com and the information given to the Authority during interviews of Wiseman Talent Ventures leadership in relation to the total number of Kenicoin sold and the total funds raised,” Muthaura added.

Obscure Founders

AnonymousOur efforts to establish the team behind KeniCoin also proved unsuccessful. According to the KeniCoin whitepaper, the founder of the cryptocurrency is Haron Muthomi Kiriba who is sometimes referred to as Haron Wiseman. We did a little digging to find out more about Wiseman.

What we managed to uncover was a Twitter account under the name Haron Wiseman, which described him as a transformational speaker and founder of Wiseman Talent Ventures. Wiseman Talent Ventures is mentioned in the CMA cautionary statement as the company behind KeniCoin. An online search for Wiseman Talent Ventures was only able to produce an office address.

Also, Haron Kiriba’s Twitter account appears to have been inactive for a while. His LinkedIn profile portrays him as the CEO of a property company. Nothing we uncovered pointed to any prior involvement in the cryptocurrency space or any other venture for that matter.

The KeniCoin whitepaper states that the cryptocurrency is supposedly developed by a number of international blockchain and AI experts. However, their names are not mentioned and their identities – if they ever actually existed – remain unknown which is standard practice in fraudulent cryptocurrency-based ventures.

Providing little to no public information about the company’s ownership structure does not help the company in its attempts to be perceived as a legitimate venture.

More Red Flags

KeniCoin

A critical examination of the information provided on the KeniCoin site and whitepaper reveals a number of inconsistencies and falsehoods. For instance, the KeniCoin whitepaper claims the project is backed by a number of companies yet we can only prove one, Wiseman Talent Ventures, and even its existence is in doubt.

Also, the amount of funds raised during the concluded KeniCoin ICO seems unclear. The site claims $250,000 worth of KNC tokens were sold during its token sale. However, when it comes to distribution of ICO funds, the amount displayed is $5.3 million.

In addition, the company claims KNC is the first local digital currency to be released in the market with a network of up to 10,000 merchants. This is an outright falsehood with research failing to turn up a single business associated with KeniCoin. You will notice most of the statements concerning stability and increasing value of KNC tokens, are tied to the assurance of many businesses in the ecosystem.

Perhaps, the obvious flaw with KNC is the de facto promise of returns for early adopters. The whitepaper states KNC holders can expect the value of the token to increase by 3,000 percent in twelve months after the ICO. At the time of writing this article, the price of KeniCoin published on the company’s website was $3.45.

Currently, there is an update on KeniCoin Exchange teasing users about the launch of a new utility, that will result in the price of KNC rising to Ksh. 10,000 (worth around $100). Strangely, KeniCoin appears immune to market volatility and according to numbers presented on the platform, has so far managed to retain an upward trajectory.

Yet, this does not resonate with what we know of the crypto markets which are highly volatile. In fact, since early 2018, the value of most digital currencies have slumped as the markets have been experiencing a “crypto winter.”

It stands to reason any investment exhibiting a continued uptrend in price over a long period could indicate price manipulation or fraud.

A summary of KeniCoin’s potential red flags include:

  • The mystery surrounding the persona of Haron Wiseman, the alleged founder of KeniCoin
  • The company gives no insight into the ownership structure
  • The alleged rise in KeniCoin price without any real use case outside of trading
  • Lack of a merchant network driving adoption as is claimed in the whitepaper
  • A claim of profits for investors, which no real investment can ever guarantee
  • The Kenyan Capital Markets Authority has issued a warning against KeniCoin
  • Very little technical details on how the cryptocurrency actually works
  • KeniCoin can only be bought and sold on the company’s own exchange

Unavailability for Comment

BitcoinAfrica.io tried to contact KeniCoin to hear the company views on the issues raised by the Kenyan financial regulator. However, this proved difficult as our attempts to engage the KeniCoin team proved unsuccessful.

Initially, we tried to contact them using the phone numbers provided on its website. We managed to get through but were twice rebuffed with the response being “ongoing consultations with management.” At the time of writing this article, no feedback has been forthcoming from KeniCoin.

Interestingly, the KeniCoin staff member who we were able to reach on the phone expressed distrust for news agencies saying, “you social media guys are tarnishing our name.” The company does not seem to want to talk to the media.

KeniCoin ScamBitcoinAfrica.io also attempted to reach out to the Nairobi-based company via social media but our attempts to get in contact with the company over Twitter, LinkedIn and Email were futile. The company’s email address does not work and the company’s Twitter account has been suspended.

Kenyan Crypto Twitter Responds to KeniCoin

Leading figures of the Kenyan cryptocurrency community responded on social media to KeniCoin advertisement on Kameme FM.

Micheal Kimani, Chairman of the Kenya Blockchain Association, tweeted:.

Ken Kimathi, Kenya’s Remitano representative, also shared his opinion about the alleged digital currency scam. He tweeted:

And they were not the only Kenyans to voice their concerns on social media. An ample amount of Twitter users highlighted the project’s unrealistic earnings potential, which makes the company look like a fraudulent operation.

Is KeniCoin a Scam?

Bitcoin ScamWhile there may be people who believe that KeniCoin is a real investment opportunity, it would be hard to ignore the evidence that suggests the opposite.

KeniCoin has several of the same characteristics as crypto scams that have previously penetrated the African market.

KeniCoin may not be different from a typical MLM operation used by pyramid schemes like OneCoin and MMM, which succeeded in defrauding hundreds of thousands of Africans.

Conversely, one may argue that KeniCoin closely resembles a pump and dump scheme where the owners are making money by pumping up the value of KNC and then selling it for a profit on the open market. Once they have made enough profits, they exit, and users are left holding worthless coins.

Moreover, since price discovery for KNC tokens only occurs on the company’s own platform, it is impossible to say how much one KeniCoin is really worth.

Given that KeniCoin makes claims such as: “KeniCoin platform allows you to grow your wealth up to x12 every year,” it is difficult to see how this could possibly be a legitimate cryptocurrency investment.

Conclusion

Investors are always advised to conduct thorough research, consult experts, and use common sense before investing in any digital asset venture.

“Investments” like KeniCoin provide a good example of the type of cryptocurrency investment “opportunity” to avoid. While no one can claim that KeniCoin is a scam until it has been declared a fraudulent operation by a court of law, the mountain of evidence against the company would suggest that it probably is.

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