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BEWARE: All Bitcoin HYIPs and MLM Schemes are Scams!

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Bitcoin HYIPs

Bitcoin is the oldest and most popular cryptocurrency in the world. However, as bitcoin adoption is on the rise so is the number of bitcoin scams. Unfortunately, many of these scams have infiltrated Africa in the past few years and are preying on unknowing users who want to make money online using bitcoin.

In this article, you will find out why all so-called bitcoin high yield investment plans (HYIPs) and MLM schemes that involve bitcoin are outright scams and how to identify these schemes so that you do not fall victim to them.

What Are Bitcoin HYIPs and Why Are They Scams?

HYIPs (high yield investment plans) promise their “investors” very high returns on their invested bitcoin. The claimed returns (which are sometimes “guaranteed”) can range from 1 percent per day up to 100 percent per month, or more.

HYIP operators usually claim that they invest their “investors” bitcoins in a sophisticated way to generate high returns. Of course, that is a complete lie. Instead, they only pay out when new money trickles in through the registration of new “investors”, which is exactly why all HYIPs have well-paying referral programs that are there to lure new members to the scheme and to keep existing members propagating it.

No Protection for ICO Investors

In other words, all bitcoin HYIPs are simple and straightforward Ponzi schemes where existing investors are paid with the money coming in from new investors until the scheme collapses and the operators disappear with the funds. Due to bitcoin’s pseudo-anonymity, disappearing with stolen funds is easier than ever. Hence, the sudden growth in this type of scam.

Legitimate cryptocurrency investment platforms, such as Iconomi, have annual management fees and transparently show their users what they are investing in and how their funds are performing. Also, users can pull out their invested funds at any time.

HYIPs, on the other hand, are always very secretive about their “investment” activities and it is hard to get your money out once you are in the scheme. Why? Because they are simply scams aimed at stealing their investors’ money once the pot has gotten big enough for the operators to exit.

What are Bitcoin MLM Schemes and why are they scams?

Bitcoin MLM (multi-level marketing) schemes take the popular element of network marketing (also known as direct selling) and leverage the popularity of bitcoin to create a scam.

It is very easy to identify a bitcoin MLM scam as they all have one thing in common. They do not sell a product or a service. Big companies that use multi-level marketing such as Herbalife, for example, have products that their direct sales people sell. When it comes to bitcoin MLM schemes there is no product and no service, which is why they can be so easily identified as just another pyramid scheme.

bitcoin scamMembers of bitcoin MLM schemes only really earn by recruiting new members, which is why you can find so many individuals posting referral links in Facebook groups promoting their “investment plan”, bitcoin doublers, (fake) cloud mining sites or MLM scheme.

The funds paid to their users are a small share of the new money from other participants. Those who join have to pay a fee. Then, the organisation pumps the amount into paying referrals. In the end, when the operators have earned enough the scheme collapses and they disappear with the money.

Alleged Bitcoin Scams in Africa

MMM

The recently reincarnated MMM is an alleged Ponzi scheme that has been around for decades. Its founder, Sergei Mavrodi, who ran MMM since the late 80s was found guilty by Russian courts in 2007 of defrauding 10 000 investors out of over $4 million in total and was sentenced to 4.5 years in prison. Unfortunately, after his release, Mavrodi relaunched MMM and targeted new markets, including Africa, for his scheme.

MMM came to South Africa in 2015 and has since spread to Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, and Zimbabwe. The organisation promises a 30 per cent return on investments but gives no indication of how the business actually intends to generate these returns other than “individuals helping each other”. This should ring alarm bells as it clearly means that MMM is a pyramid scheme. Well, that and the fact that the company’s owner has already been convicted for running a Ponzi scheme with the same name back in Russia. Many governments were quick enough to caution their citizens about the scheme, yet MMM is still up and running in countries like Kenya and Nigeria and preying on unknowing bitcoin newbies who want to invest their coins.

According to reports by MoneyWeb, MMM South Africa collapsed in 2016 and its operators have disappeared with their victims’ funds. MMM announced on its South African Facebook page that the RB “was an experiment, and, unfortunately, it failed”. Victims who were involved in the scam, lost all their invested bitcoin as their accounts online were frozen as is traditionally the case when scammers collapse their schemes.

Onecoin

Onecoin is an alleged pyramid scheme that is claiming to have its own blockchain and cryptocurrency. However, no proof that its blockchain exists has ever been presented, whereas every other blockchain has a blockchain explorer where transactions can be viewed. Furthermore, its “digital currency” is not listed on CoinMarketCap as it is widely believed not to exist at all.

bitcoin hyipsAt the moment, Onecoin is under investigation by law enforcement departments in several countries across the globe including the UK, Germany, and India, where arrests were made.. Even the central bank in Uganda has warned its citizens about OneCoin.  Nonetheless, you will still find OneCoin “investors” send out promotional material with referral links to unknowing users online in the hope to make money by perpetuating the scheme.

MMM and OneCoin are two of the most prominent alleged bitcoin scams in Africa but there are much more. Many of them promise high returns from bitcoin cloud mining but are in reality just another form of Ponzi scheme.

How To Avoid Becoming Victim to a Bitcoin Scam

1. Ensure that company details and names of the owners are listed and real!

Most bitcoin scams will not list the company address nor have a team section that clearly outlines who runs the business and who the owners are. This is a clear red flag, so it should be the first thing to look out for.

If the company is legally registered and there are owners listed, go do a quick google search and see if these details are actually real. Fraudsters will happily provide false information in the hope that their victims do not conduct thorough research.

2. If the scheme “guarantees” you returns, it’s a scam!

If you come across a website or a system that guarantees you returns, it is almost certain to be a scam. There is always a risk when it comes to investing, so returns can never be guaranteed.

3. If the returns they state that they will generate for you are very high, that’s a red flag!

Despite the sometimes fast-increasing value of digital currencies, if you come across a scheme that tells you that it will double your bitcoin within a month or pay you 10 percent return per day, for example, you will have come across a scam with pretty much 100 percent certainty.

Just use common sense, how would a company be able to pay you 10 percent or even 1 percent returns per day other than by using the money from one investor and giving to the next as Ponzi schemes do? Bitcoin mining will definitely not make you 1 percent per day. That is mathematically impossible as we know how much the blockchain can pay out in rewards each day.

4. Read unbiased reviews online and reach out to users to hear about their experiences!

Another great way to check if an investment platform is legitimate is to find unbiased reviews and to reach out to users who have invested there. However, be wary of those who send you referral links or have them in their reviews as these opinions are not unbiased. Individuals who send you referral links when they give you their opinion are only looking to cash in on referral income, which is how participants in Ponzi schemes make money until the scheme collapses.

5. Check if the company is listed on badbitcoin.org!

The gentlemen who run the website badbitcoin.org provide an invaluable service to bitcoin novices who are tempted by high-returns promising investment schemes that are in reality just straightforward scams. The platform lists most known bitcoin scams and new sites are added on a regular basis.

6. The Golden Rule is: “If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is!”

Probably the easiest way to determine whether something is a scam or not is if it sounds too good to be true. If you are being guaranteed high returns that you can make passively online by “just” investing a few hundred dollars, you will almost certainly have come across a scam.

7. There are no legitimate bitcoin HYIPs or MLM schemes. They are all scams!

Finally, not falling for a bitcoin investment scheme in the form of a high yield investment plan or MLM/pyramid scheme is actually very easy because every single one that you come across online is a scam.

While there are many ways to earn bitcoin online, high yield investment plans and MLM schemes are not part of them and need to be avoided at all cost. If you invest in any of these schemes, you will very likely lose money sooner or later when their operators collapse the scheme and make an exit.

Unfortunately, African bitcoin Facebook groups are often full of individuals (usually with fake Facebook accounts) posting about “amazing” bitcoin investment opportunities that almost always include a referral link to a HYIP, MLM or a fake cloud mining scheme. So, keep your wits about yourself when looking for investment opportunities online and remember: “If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is!”

Terra

Bitcoin

3 Reasons to Use a Bitcoin Mixer in 2020

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Bitcoin Mixer

Bitcoin is not as anonymous as people think. Bitcoin transactions are viewable on the network’s public blockchain, which also means that transactions can be linked to real-world identities. As a result, bitcoin is not (yet) fungible and does not protect individuals’ financial sovereignty as much as it should. Fortunately, there is something called a bitcoin mixer that enables bitcoin users to increase their financial privacy.

In this guide, you will learn what bitcoin mixers are and why you should consider using them.

How Anonymous Are Regular Bitcoin Transactions?

Regular bitcoin transactions are not anonymous. Bitcoin addresses are pseudonymous. They do not reveal your identity as a user but can be linked to your identity.

For instance, most exchanges require you to verify your identity with legal identification (ID) documents. In a situation where you withdraw funds from an exchange into your wallet, your identity can be linked to that wallet, and all your linked transactions could be tracked.

Blockchain analysis companies can use information from your linkable transactions to track how many bitcoins you own, what you spend your coins on, and who you transact with. If you are conscious about your privacy, you might need a bitcoin mixer.

What is a Bitcoin Mixer?

Bitcoin mixing service

A bitcoin mixer allows you to mix your coins with other users. This obscures the ties between your personal identity and bitcoin transactions.

The end goal of a bitcoin mixing service is to create a misleading trail of transactions that makes it difficult to track your transactions. This is achieved by breaking down your bitcoin into smaller parts and then mixing them with coins from other transactions.

Most bitcoin mixers are non-custodial, run on the Tor network, and do not keep records of users after a couple of hours.

Why Do People Use Bitcoin Mixers?

The primary reason for using a bitcoin mixer is to increase transactional privacy. You may not want “the whole world” to be able to see what you are doing with your bitcoin. Through the use of a mixing service, you can achieve that despite Bitcoin’s public blockchain.

Moreover, there are a number of other reasons why you should consider using a bitcoin mixer. They include:

Your Transactions Reveal Personal Finance Information

Every time you send bitcoin to or receive bitcoin from an individual, the other party gains some information about your bitcoin holdings.

For example, if you have ten bitcoin in your wallet and you send two to another person. The individual who received the bitcoin now has access to your bitcoin address, which allows them to check your balance on the blockchain.

In some cases, by analyzing your inputs and outputs, they can predict other addresses you own, giving them more information about your finances and transactions you have done in the past. Mixers can prevent this. The mixer breaks the connection between addresses in your wallet by creating transactions that make it difficult for blockchain analysts to track.

Based on the example above, if you use a coin mixing service to send out the coins, the receiver can still check the blockchain to verify the transaction but will be unable to track your old transactions and find your bitcoin address.

Blockchain Analysis Companies Are Watching

Over the years, blockchain analysis companies have been established to track transactions and monitor the Bitcoin blockchain. These groups have resources to probe deeper into transactions, with some going as far as connecting IP addresses to bitcoin transactions.

Further, cryptocurrency exchange verification is required by regulators to keep an eye on how individuals use their bitcoin. This means that exchanges can still trace your transactions after you have purchased bitcoin.

Bitcoin mixers allow you to detach connections between your initial receiving address and other transactions you make. This can prevent companies from gathering data about you, which it would otherwise share with (or sell to) third parties.

To Prevent Censorship

Money has become a tool used to fund political groups and operations. In authoritarian regimes, where the financial system is highly monitored by the ruling government, critics or opposition groups may opt for bitcoin.

To ensure complete privacy while using bitcoin, such groups will require bitcoin mixing platforms. Without increased transaction privacy, these groups risk losing support in situations where the state begins to target individuals funding them by tracking their transactions on the blockchain.

This allows bitcoin to be used as a tool for freedom of speech and expression.

If you want to mix your coins to protect your financial sovereignty as a bitcoin user, check out Bitcoin Mixer.

Terra
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Bitcoin in Africa: Making A Big Difference For A Big Continent

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Big Continent

There is no doubt that bitcoin, and cryptocurrency as a whole, can have a huge impact on the world economy. Also, Africa could benefit from it more than any other region.

Jack Dorsey, CEO of Twitter and Square, recognised this fact and recently claimed that Africa will define the future of bitcoin. He might be right as Africa is predicted to have some of the most populous metropolises by 2100 and the banking situation here is abysmal.

As it stands, bitcoin literally has the power to boost the economy of the entire continent of Africa. The question is whether it will happen as regulation by local authorities plays a key part in the adoption of cryptocurrency.

Why Africa Is the Best Place for Bitcoin to Shine?

Jack Dorsey is a well-known advocate of Bitcoin, which means he understands its potential better than most. And he is right to note that Africa is an exceptionally fertile ground for cryptocurrency. The entire continent is struggling because banking services are outright unavailable to many.

Remote is the best way to decide the vast majority of towns and other settlements in Africa. Many of them are days away from any urban areas, let alone places urbanised enough to actually have banks, Yet millions of people in these remote places rely on remittances from their migrant-worker relatives to survive. With a great number of these people being unbanked getting that money to them is a huge problem. A problem that literally costs lives.

Wherever banking is available, it still leaves a lot to be desired. Many governments in Africa are not trustworthy and hardly seem to work for the people’s best interests. As all banking services are regulated at the state level, people distrust them the same way they do the governments.

The fact that the number of banks is limited doesn’t help. With very little competition they set outrageous terms, especially for those poor families relying on remittances.

The situation is changing a little with the help of online money transfer companies. A transfer from UK to South Africa now costs a MINIMUM of 0.5% in fees. This is a great improvement, but it doesn’t change the fact that such transfers still cost 7% to 10% for the majority of Africa.

In such conditions, easy and virtually free bitcoin transfers can make a huge difference in the quality of life. And people need this kind of service desperately. Therefore, it’s no surprise that if bitcoin is allowed full freedom as an accepted universal currency, Africa will adopt it wholesale.

How is Bitcoin Doing in Africa Today?

bitcoin adoption

For all its potential, bitcoin is not a big thing in Africa today. Admittedly, cryptocurrency as a whole is not yet a big enough power to be a major factor in the global economy. It has the potential but it has not yet been realised.

Bitcoin is legal in most African countries, but this hardly matters because this only means that it’s not illegal to buy and trade it. You cannot actually use this cryptocurrency to make any payments, like pay utilities or your grocery bill. The best you can hope for is to pay at some international online shopping platforms that accept bitcoin.

In the states where using bitcoin isn’t banned, the government’s stance on it is very similar. Local finance authorities are investigating the potential impact of cryptocurrency. However, no state as of yet has reached a point where it decided to actually give it a legitimate status. Therefore, cryptocurrencies remain largely unregulated.

Being unregulated is one of the main benefits of cryptocurrency in the eyes of users. It’s an even more attractive advantage for countries where the level of trust in the government isn’t high. In fact, in many developing countries with unstable political and economic environments, residents now see crypto as an effective hedge that can protect their assets in times of turmoil. But truly benefitting from crypto is still hard due to its lack of legal status as a recognised currency.

The Wealth Lost in African Remittances Every Year

To understand how much of a difference adopting bitcoin can make for Africa one should consider some simple numbers. According to the World Bank, global remittances have already exceeded $530 billion annually. And this number keeps growing fast. About $40 billion of that money is sent by immigrant workers to Africa, over half of that money coming to Nigeria, where remittances are one of the main contributors to the GDP.

However, Nigeria is among the parts of Africa where the banking situation isn’t good at all. Therefore, remittances here cost about 10% of the transaction amount. With the overall amount of transactions about $29 billion, nearly $3 billion is lost in fees. Those are $3 billion that could go to the families and be invested in the country’s economy.

To understand how much of a difference that amount would make for regular people you should remember that GDP per capita in Nigeria is a little over $2,000 a year. Compare this to the US, where GDP per capita is over $60,000. Every cent counts for the families of migrant workers, especially when you consider that the size of an average remittance is under $500.

Bitcoin in Africa: Hopes for the Future of the Big Continent

The situation with banking and remittances to Africa is rather grim. But it doesn’t have to be this way. Bitcoin offers an opportunity to change this. The question is whether local governments will accept this and take the risk of adopting a decentralised cryptocurrency. So far, there have been no official announcements from that direction.

If this does happen, the economy of the entire continent could receive a boost. And the best thing is that this would be an immediate boost because that money already belongs to Africa, it’s just lost on the way there.

Bitcoin will make a difference. Jack Dorsey is absolutely right about that. Should this change happen, the difference for bitcoin itself, and cryptocurrencies in general, will also be huge. Recognition in Africa could tip the rest of the world in favor of crypto.

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BitClub Network: The Rise And Fall of A Bitcoin Mining Scam

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Bitclub Network

Operators of the prominent bitcoin mining company, Bitclub Network, have been arrested and charged with fraud by the US Department of Justice in December 2019.

In this article, you will learn about the rise and fall of the BitClub Network scam, which has defrauded thousands of bitcoin investors.

What is BitClub?

The BitClub Network is a company that claims to enable individuals to make money through bitcoin cloud mining. Since BitClub was established in 2014, it has been in the spotlight for supposedly using MLM strategies to defraud investors.

BCN claimed on its website (before it was taken down) that it is a “team of experts, entrepreneurs, professionals, network marketers, and programming geeks who have all come together to launch a very simple business around a very complex industry.” These unspecific details about the people behind the company should have been the first warning sign.

The founders of BitClub Network have been anonymous for a long time. Only convicted sex offender, Russ Medlin, was associated with the bitcoin mining scam. However, recent arrests have brought to light other people that could be architects of the investment scheme.

Plenty of Red Flags

In addition to the acute lack of information about the company and its operators, the list of red flags was long.

  • Investors have to pay $100 to join BCN. They then choose from three packages of $500, $1,000, and $2,000. Considering that you can join other mining pools for free, BCN does not look attractive at all.
  • Generally, earning profits through bitcoin mining is difficult but on BCN, this is almost impossible. For example, an investor wrote on Steemit that he was earning $0.34 daily in 2017 with BCN’s $500 package. It would have taken nine years or more for him to get a return on his investment. But since the contract was only running for 600 days, he was never going to make any profits.
  • You can only sign up for an account on BitClub if you have a sponsor. This is characteristic of MLM schemes that thrive on referrals.
  • Russ Medlin is a convicted sex offender from the US associated with various BitClub Network YouTube videos and blog posts. He is considered the “Master Distributor” and unofficial “Owner” of the scheme.
  • Ofir Beigel, the founder of 99Bitcoins, states that the company used a criminal’s picture under a different name to display a customer testimonial. The photos were later taken down after the misrepresentation was discovered.
  • Investors are encouraged to reinvest their cloud mining earnings, which is a tactic MLM companies use to stay alive.
  • Many BitClub YouTube videos that were suspicious were deleted after catching attention from reviewers.
  • BitClub launched a “digital currency” that had no value outside its platform.

The Rise

Bitclub Scam

There is no doubt that the BitClub Network has been aggressively marketed. From Facebook and Telegram groups to Reddit, BitClub promotions have been all over social media. This attributed to its steep growth.

Although the hype surrounding making money with bitcoin is not what it once was, BCN has convinced a lot of people that they could get rich through bitcoin mining. After five years, some investors, if not all, are reportedly regretting their decisions after losing thousands of dollars to BitClub.

In Africa, BCN was just as popular as anywhere else in the world and social media was a key recruitment tool. An example is the Facebook page, BitClub Network South Africa, which is asking people to join.

Using the “fake it till you make it” approach, the leaders of the scheme defrauded investors $722 million even though earlier reports showed that the Network was contributing to bitcoin’s mining activity. However, the information from the recent arrests reveals that the BCN operators were displaying fake mining numbers to investors.

The Fall

Bitclub Network Scam

As with any Ponzi scheme operators, the law is bound to catch up with them. This is what happened to Matthew Goettsche, Joseph Abel, Silviu Balaci, and Jobadiah Weeks, the alleged operators of BCN.

The US District Court prosecutors charged the four with fraud in December 2019 with regards to the BitClub Network Ponzi scheme.

While these arrests could have brought the company to its knees, Russ Medlin, a well-known name in the BitClub Network scam, has not yet been charged.

The arrests revealed that the operators were making millions of dollars while using a small fraction of the money they received from new investors to pay the old investors. Interestingly, the leaders of BCN were not shy to state in their correspondence that they were out to profit from “the typical dumb MLM investor.” In January 2015, Goettsche told Balaci:

“We are building this model on the backs of idiots.”

Lessons Learned

The story of Bitclub is a great lesson for new and future crypto investors. There is a lot we can learn from a bitcoin scam that has been able to operate for so long.

The key points are:

  • Always do your research before investing in any opportunity
  • If you cannot find clear details about the founders of an investment company, do not invest
  • Always regard with suspicion any investment opportunity that asks for registration fees
  • Anyone who promises returns is most likely lying
  • Bitcoin mining is making people money but not as fast as you think
  • Never invest in something you do not understand

The ugly side of crypto is real. There are people intentionally starting crypto scams to make money from unsuspecting investors. Therefore, it is important to stay vigilant and to research the companies you plan on doing business with.

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