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P2P Network Systems: A Go-To Guide for Understanding How They Work

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P2P Network Systems

As technology continues to become more advanced, we are seeing an increasing demand for various types of networks. As an enterprise, it is essential that you choose a networking system that boosts productivity, decreases your expenses, and increases your sales revenue potentials. Many enterprises face the decision of choosing between a peer-to-peer (P2P) network and a client-server network system.

Here is a go-to guide for understanding how P2P networks work and how Lambda, a service provider of P2P networking, can benefit your enterprise.

What is P2P Networking?

Contrary to many people’s beliefs, P2P is not a new form of technology. In fact, it is has been around since the advent of the Internet where it originated with email protocols. A P2P system is a network of computers that each shares an equal amount of responsibility in regards to processing data. They are unlike client-server network systems, where some devices share the responsibility of processing and serving data, while the other computers consume the data being processed by the servers.

P2P networks were initially deployed for business purposes back in the early 1980s. Before P2P networks were put into use, mini mainframes, like VS systems, were used to store files on a central hard drive, such as word processing files. In order to operate a computer, though, it had to be linked to the mainframe. As you can imagine, it was inefficient and created a huge mess of cords. Nowadays, our advancements in technology have allowed us to create PCs that liberate workers and allow them to work remotely with no need to be hardwired to the mainframe. Even better, workers can share files and link printers to one another thanks to P2P networks.

It is very common to see P2P network systems on local area networks, such as home networks, where each device can be synced with one another to share files. These systems can be created as wired or wireless networks where they use the same networking protocols as well as the same software to perform their functions. Schools and small businesses regularly take advantage of creating a P2P network system to share and access files among all users.

In homes, schools, and businesses where a broadband router is used, the network created is known as a hybrid P2P and client-server network. Lambda fully supports hybrid networks and has the resources to provide network layer addressability. Lambda also has multi-database cluster system capabilities, which provides unlimited encryption data storage, making it excellent for enterprises in need of a secure data storage solution.

A hybrid network environment is comprised of a router that acts as a centralised sharing tool for Internet connection, however, the local computers connected to the network manage the file sharing. In addition to files, printers and other resources can be shared among the devices that are connected to the network.

Enterprise Benefits of Using P2P Network Systems

P2P Network SystemsWhen using Lambda for P2P networking, enterprises will enjoy a variety of benefits, especially in relation to boosting productivity and minimising downtime. A P2P network is extremely secure and hackers find them difficult to take down. Even if one device is shut down, the other devices continue to share their resources and communicate with one another, ensuring uptime is maximised. In order for the entire network to be shut down, each device would have to be taken down individually.

Another advantage of using P2P networks is they are extremely scalable. Any time you onboard a new employee and new devices, there is no need to perform central configurations to the primary server. And in regards to file sharing, the more devices you have connected, the faster files can be shared.

How does P2P networking optimise file sharing? Think of it like this. When a file is downloaded from a single source, it takes a long period of time to download. However, when a file is downloaded from multiple connected devices, tiny bits of the file are pulled from each device and downloaded simultaneously; this means file sharing can take place almost instantaneously with no need to wait for extended download times. As your business grows, your P2P network becomes more efficient and scaling the system counteracts traffic bottlenecking issues commonly seen on client-server networks.

It’s also with a P2P network that all users can easily see where the files are originating from as well as what percentage of each file is being stored locally. Furthermore, this form of networking enables you to control redundancy. While many enterprises prefer cloud storage, and although they do come with their advantages, P2P technologies increase convenience and eliminate the need to upload and download files to and from the cloud, which serves as a viable way to control redundancy and improve cost control.

The Takeaway

This go-to guide provides a helpful understanding of how P2P networks work and the numerous benefits your enterprise can reap from deploying a P2P system. It is pertinent to understand P2P networking becomes much more efficient and secure when deployed with the right technologies, such as Lambda Agent, which provides optimal memory data storage, metrics data uploading, and performance and security monitoring capabilities. Contact Lambda today to learn more about its networking and storage solutions.

This guest post was contributed by infrastructure software expert and Lambda founder, He Xiaoyang.

*Readers should do their own due diligence before taking any actions related to the mentioned company, product or service. BitcoinAfrica.io is not responsible, directly or indirectly, for any loss or damage caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, product or service mentioned in this guest post.*

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How to Cash Out Bitcoin to Naira Using Cryptofully

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Bitcoin to Naira

Over the past few months, Nigeria’s central bank has made it difficult for traders to cash out bitcoin to naira, restricting crypto companies from having a Nigerian bank account. But there is now a cheap and efficient way to cash out your bitcoin to naira.

In this guide, you will learn how to convert your BTC to NGN and receive the money in your bank account within minutes using Cryptofully.

Getting Started on Cryptofully 

Cryptofully is a peer-to-peer payments app that allows you to easily convert bitcoin to naira and automatically settles into your Naira bank account.

Using Cryptofully, you can cash out your bitcoin from anywhere in the world into any Nigerian bank account. The platform also supports US dollars and payment options, including Visa, Mastercard, Google Pay, and Apple Pay.

Cryptofully leverages a local network of peer-to-peer (P2P) traders, enabling it to convert BTC to NGN within minutes. With this P2P system, you are not looking for a peer to buy your bitcoin. Cryptofully automatically matches your trade to the best peer and makes it seamless for the user.  

All that’s needed to cash out bitcoin to naira using Cryptofully is to sign up, complete the KYC, add a bank account and convert your bitcoin to cash.

How to Cash Out Bitcoin to Nigerian Naira

You can cash out your bitcoin to your Nigerian bank account using either the Cryptofully website or mobile app. 

Download the Cryptofully App

mobile app

Step 1: Create an account

  1. Get the app on iOS or Android.
  2. Open the app and register with your email address and verify the email address.
  3. Start the KYC process. Visit Profile, click to Add bank, and add your BVN. You can also add your bank account in this section.

Step 2: Cash Out Your Bitcoin to Naira

  1. Type in the amount you want to cash out.
  2. Then choose to send via bitcoin.
  3. On the following page, you can add your bank account details in the recipient field.
  4. On the last page, you can see a Bitcoin wallet address. Send your bitcoin to that wallet address and within a few minutes, the equivalent amount in naira will settle in your bank account. 
  5. Cryptofully matches you to a peer instantly who sends the money to your naira bank account.

Visit the Cryptofully Website

Cryptofully Platform

You don’t need to sign up or log in with any details on the website to start using it

  1. Go to the Cryptofully website at www.cryptofully.com.
  2. Specify the amount of bitcoin you want to cash out to naira. You can use either the Floating Rate or Fixed Rate. The Floating Rate means the exchange rate can change based on changes in bitcoin prices, and the Fixed Rate means you can lock in an exchange rate for your transaction.
  3. The naira amount equivalent you will get in your bank account will appear below.
  4. On the following page, you will see a space to fill in the preferred bank account you want to receive your money.
  5. Then, you will be shown a Bitcoin wallet address. 
  6. Copy the wallet address and do a transfer to the address. The Cryptofully system matches you immediately to a peer.
  7. The peer sends the money and the money settles in your naira bank account.

Since the Central Bank of Nigeria enacted draconian measures against crypto companies, preventing them from having banking relationships, the peer-to-peer bitcoin trade has flourished in the West African country.

Peer-to-peer payment apps, like Cryptofully, are enabling Nigerians to continue using bitcoin for remittances, payments, and as an investment.

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How to Trade Cryptocurrency on Sikix.io

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Sikix Dashboard

Sikix is a decentralized exchange that allows users to have full control over their funds while trading digital assets. In this guide, you will learn how to trade cryptocurrency on Sikix.

Opening an Account on Sikix

To start trading on Sikix, you have to create an account.

Here are the steps you will take:

  • Visit the Sikix website
  • Click “Register Account”

Sikix

  • Enter an account name and password
  • Hit “Confirm”
  • Save the seed file to your computer and click “I’ve Backed It Up.” You should store your seed phrase safely because the platform cannot restore it for you.
  • Click the settings icon to verify your email address and phone number

Sikix.io

  • Next, go to “Balance” to deposit crypto or fiat into your account. For instance, if you want to deposit BTC, go to bitcoin on the list, click “Deposit” and copy the address provided. Transfer bitcoin to the address and click “Confirm.” Note that the minimum amount of BTC that you can deposit is 0.01.

Sikix Dashboard

  • Once the bitcoin hits your account, you should see the total balance and the USD equivalent displayed on the balance page.

On Sikix, the most common base currencies are USDT and the Nigerian naira (NGN). You can deposit both of them before you start trading. But that does not prevent you from depositing any of the other supported cryptocurrencies.

Depositing Local Currency to Your Account

To deposit naira, follow these instructions:

  • Go to “Balance”
  • Search for NGN on the list and click “Deposit”
  • Enter the amount you want to deposit. The platform will display the fees and the amount you will deposit.

Sikix Exchange

  • The platform will redirect you to a new page where you will enter your card details. Alternatively, you can use any of the other payment methods listed.

Sikix Trading

  • Once the transaction is complete, you should see your newly deposited funds on the balance page.

How to Trade Cryptocurrency on Sikix

Assuming that you deposited USDT in your account, here is how you can trade on Sikix:

  • Go to “Trade”
  • On the left-hand side of the screen, select a trading pair from the drop-down menu. For instance, you can choose the ETH/USDT trading pair. That means that you can buy ether with USDT. Note that the graph shows how the price of ETH is changing against USDT. You can view this change over different periods.

SIKIX DEX

  • On the right-hand side of the screen, select the green box. This box represents the bidding price, which is the maximum amount that you are willing to pay for ETH. The red box represents the asking price, the minimum price that a seller is willing to accept. You can choose to trade at these levels.
  • Alternatively, you can make your purchase through a limit or market order. The limit order allows you to buy ETH at a fixed price. Conversely, a market order enables you to buy ETH at the best market price.
  • Once you have entered the amounts, click “Buy ETH” to open your order. If you placed a market order, your purchase will take place immediately. However, you will have to wait to get a match if you placed a limit order.
  • When your order goes through, an ETH balance should reflect in your account.

Presently, the exchange supports BTC, USDT, ETH, BCH, XLM, XRP, NGN, and CMT with a plan to add more digital currencies in the future.

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The Complete Beginner’s Guide to TerraCredit (CREDIT)

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TerraCredit

Ever come across TerraCredit or TerraBit and wondered what they are? In this guide, we explore the TerraCredit ecosystem and provide an in-depth beginner’s guide to one of the fastest-growing crypto projects in Africa.

What is TerraCredit (CREDIT)?

CREDITTerraCredit (CREDIT) is a decentralised cryptocurrency at the heart of a digital payment ecosystem. The developers behind the cryptocurrency built CREDIT as a “viable replacement to cash and a rewarding option” – especially for users in developing markets.

CREDIT is the native currency of the TerraBit platform, a payment platform tailored towards the unbanked.

At the time of writing, the cryptocurrency is in the top 1,000 coins by market cap on CoinGecko. At the time of writing, CREDIT was trading at $0.00614 per coin.

Highlights About CREDIT

  • Name: TerraCredit
  • Ticker/Symbol: CREDIT
  • Max supply: 86,000,000
  • Blockchain: Native
  • Consensus mechanism: Proof of Stake (POS)
  • Established: 2017**

The cryptocurrency is built on a native Proof-of-Stake blockchain, requiring less from network validators, allowing more people to participate in the network. Currently, the Terracredit blockchain has over 12,000 individual network validators. The decentralised nature of validators makes it difficult to perform a 51 % attack on the blockchain.

What’s more, transaction fees on the Terra blockchain are very low. In contrast, most of the top cryptocurrencies have become very expensive to use due to fees. TerraCredit allows you to transact with fees as low as $0.00000003.

Moreover, CREDIT transactions are fast. They confirm in seconds Quicker transactions are made possible because of the low fees and the availability of several validators.

TerraCredit can be stored on native or third-party wallets. The native CREDIT wallet is available on desktops running Windows, Linux, and Mac OS. You can also download the mobile application for Android. Conversely, if you prefer third-party applications, there are many options like MyCointainer to choose from. 

What is TerraBit?

TerraBitTerraBit is a global payments platform that allows you to store cryptocurrencies and exchange them for fiat on a single app. It is also the native wallet of TerraCredit.

TerraBit supports CREDIT and bitcoin (BTC). It also supports fiat currencies like the naira (NGN), rand (ZAR), and peso (COP). You can deposit these currencies directly on the app to purchase cryptocurrencies.

Besides buying crypto, you can also sell crypto in the app and withdraw it to your bank account. This feature has made it very popular in developing markets like Nigeria, Colombia, and Kenya.

TerraBit also has a merchants interface that makes it possible for you to accept crypto payments. If you are a business owner, you can accept crypto payments in person via the app. It is extra easy doing the same online by just sending your crypto address.

Finally, the app comes with extra features, such as web staking.

Highlights of TerraBit

  • Trade cryptocurrencies on-the-go
  • Support for fiat currencies: NGN, ZAR, COP
  • Merchant interface to accept crypto payments
  • QR payments

Future features coming to TerraBit includes more fiat options for markets like Ghana. Virtual credit cards are also on the roadmap. These cards will make it possible for you to spend your crypto wherever bank cards are accepted.

TeraCredit Features

TerraCredit has several features that have seen an upgrade after the latest hard fork. As mentioned earlier, TerraCredit deploys the most modern blockchain technology. This makes it decentralised, fast, private, and easy to use. Here is a deeper look at the leading features of TerraCredit:

Proof of Stake: TerraCredit runs on a Proof of Stake (POS) consensus algorithm. Compared to other consensus algorithms like Proof of Work, POS is more lightweight and easier to participate in. Easy participation allows more individuals to play a role in confirming transactions. Without a broader pool of validators on a network, it becomes centralised.

The few validators get to control the affairs of the project. Also, bad actors can take advantage of this to attack the blockchain. You can participate in securing the TerraCredit network via staking or masternodes. Securing the network also rewards you through the creation of new coins. 

Decentralised Autonomous Organisation (DAO): The latest TerraCredit hard fork brought a new governance model. Masternodes operate the TerraCredit DAO. Aside from helping secure the network, masternodes contribute to the governance of the project. The DAO gets funds directly from the blockchain, which are allocated to approved proposals. Anyone can submit a proposal that masternodes vote on. Each masternode has one vote. Having a DAO with funds directly from the blockchain ensures the development and marketing of the project.

Swiftx: TerraCredit (CREDIT) enables swift transactions using the masternode infrastructure. Swiftx ensures “near-instantaneous” transactions. This feature aims to put TerraCredit in the same league as major payment processors like Visa and MasterCard. 

Coin mixing: Mixing makes transactions private. Instead of sending transactions directly from your wallet to another, coin mixing takes the coins through several transactions (mixing) before the final destination. This feature gives CREDIT privacy utility.

Ways to Earn CREDIT in 2020

TerraBit

There are two main ways to earn CREDIT in 2020. Both methods allow you to earn passive income since they require only a simple set up at the initial stages.

Web Staking

You can stake CREDIT via the native wallet. All you have to do is load your wallet with CREDIT and turn on staking to get started. It is simpler than mining and lowers the barrier of entry. You can stake 0.000000001 CREDIT and above. Rewards are paid daily into your wallet after you begin web staking.

Masternodes

Masternodes, on the other hand, come with more requirements. You need to hold at least 50,000 CREDIT as collateral for your masternode. After, you have to set up a node with the wallet. You can do this using a hosting service or do it yourself using basic hardware like Raspberry Pi.

Masternode owners receive rewards every block for securing the network and participating in the governance process. 

The Bottom Line

TerraCredit continues to grow beyond the TerraBit platform. CREDIT has been added to several exchanges, payment processors, and wallets recently, while its web staking functionality offers users a way to generate investment income on their CREDIT holdings. 

To learn more about TerraCredit, check out the project’s website.

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