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What Do NFTs Stand for and What is Their Role in Defi?

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NFT art

NFTs (non-fungible tokens) can represent any type of physical or digital object as a blockchain-powered digital token. 

NFTs in the decentralized finance (Defi) sector function as a representative property title to some object or element, which facilitates the sale and purchase and transfer of ownership, among others.

Although, it can be used in almost all areas of human life, very similar as blockchain is applicable, its particular characteristics: unrepeatable, authentic, and non-divisible have made it gain popularity in various (ideal) use cases, which we will mention below.

Collectibles

Collectibles

Whether physical or digital, now the ownership of said objects are or may be represented by an NFT Token, which facilitates the security processes, public auction and the transfer of purchase and sale, advantage of all the benefits of the blockchain technology, that is, NFTs are auditable like open-source cryptocurrencies like bitcoin and ETH, but at the same time it is immutable.

As diverse as the human mind is, there are all kinds of collecting cases, the most popular are, for example, sports accessories (digital and physical), which can be auctioned on platforms such as Opensea, BakerySwap, and Treasureland.

However, there is also a type of collecting classified as rare, as is the case of people who collect a tweet through NFTs, this process can be carried out through a platform called Valuables, a platform that tokenizes tweets.

This platform creates a digital auction, the tweet author decides who is the highest bidder, that is, the person to whom he will sell his tweet. The tweet will then be minted on the blockchain, creating a 1-to-1 NFT that includes the author’s autograph.

Art

NFT Art

This use case is the best example of how blockchain technology through NFTs can empower a professional union. In this case, artists of different genres.

As in the previous cases, platforms such as Nifty Gateway, SuperRare, OpenSea, MakersPlace, FLOW, Enjin, and Decentraland offer the possibility for artists to advertise their works of art (digital designs, animations, painting, sculpture, music) with incorruptible copyright ownership, in turn, anchored to an NFT, which is representative of the title of ownership of said work.

This technology implies a great solution for artists motivated to eliminate intermediaries who charge large commissions in the various art industries, among which are record labels, galleries, producers, and managers. This situation translates into higher profits for the creative and author artist.

As in the previous case, the artist decides who is his highest bidder and once the offer is finalized, he transfers the ownership of his work of art through the NFT that includes an author’s signature, a fact that adds more value to the work of art.

Games

nft games

What makes digital games an ideal use case for NFTs is immersed in the very dynamics of games, where, for example, action figures, real or fiction, need to interact with other entities, and therefore do micro-transactions in exchange for digital objects and items that are rare, exclusive and with special qualities.

For example, Axie Infinity and Battle Pets are Pokémon-style games with pets and interchangeable items.  

According to Binance Academy:

Each Axie pet has a skill set to fight. These abilities also affect the value of the pet when they are traded. A CryptoKitty can be extremely valuable just for its desirable replay attributes. Determining the value of each pet depends on a combination of unusual appearance, characteristics, and utility”.

But beyond this example, the world of games is the most fertile ground for NFTs, this motivated by combine digital artworks, collectibles, game tools, aesthetics, and utility. All it is elements that become NFTs, to then be exchanged for cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin in Exchanges external to the game.

Find out the easiest and safest way to buy bitcoin in India.

Documentation and Real-World Assets

Perhaps the present use case is the least developed and applied of those mentioned in this article, but we have annexed it as it has great potential, and it would not be surprising if it would soon become the main one.

This is motivated by the fact that currently, the world’s societies have a great need for the digitization of real assets, and more importantly, optimizing the processes of ownership and purchase-sales, then, there is no doubt that NFTs can embody (become) in the great solution as a universal notary public that humanity needs.

For example, imagine for a moment that you can buy a property such as a house, a building, a farm, a vehicle, etc., through a simple NFT from and anywhere in the world, with all the benefits that it brings the blockchain technology, security, auditing and immutability.

How to Buy the NFTs in India?

Bitcoin

It is much easier to buy bitcoin in India than to obtain NFTs because the structure and infrastructure of the NFT are intrinsically correlated with the crypto market. And without a doubt, the strongest cryptocurrency in the crypto-cosmo is bitcoin.

Therefore, if you are wondering at the moment how to buy bitcoin in India, converting from INR to bitcoin and from bitcoin to INR? It is important that you know that despite the creation of the “Bill on Cryptocurrencies and regulation of the official digital currency, 2021”, this is very simple to do.

What you need to do first is to buy bitcoins in India on a P2P exchange, and if you want to do it instantly, the best option is to go for Remitano’s integrated fiat INR wallet, the only exchange that currently provides such a service in India, which also allows you converting from BTC to INR to you: https://remitano.com/btc/in

Once you have bitcoins, it will be much easier for you to buy NFT by depositing bitcoins in the wallets of the Exchange specialized in NFT that we have named in this article.

If you still have questions about how to buy bitcoin in India, you can consult the following guide that explains the step-by-step: https://support.remitano.com/en/articles/3988518-how-to-sell-bitcoin-ethereum.

Disclaimer: This is a sponsored post. Readers should do their own due diligence before taking any actions related to any company, product, or service mentioned in this article. BitcoinAfrica.io is not responsible, directly or indirectly, for any loss or damage caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, product, or service mentioned in this post. 

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Ethereum Timeline: Shift to Proof of Stake

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Shift to Proof of Stake

The much-anticipated transition of the Ethereum network from proof-of-work (PoW) to proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus is finally taking place. The adaptation of PoS has always been the plan and a vital part of scaling Ethereum by future upgrades. However, abruptly shifting to PoS can pose significant technical and community challenges that are not as simple as using PoW to achieve network consensus. Having said that, what exactly are PoS and PoW?

Proof of Work

Proof-of-work (PoW) is a consensus algorithm that allows for the secure, decentralised verification of transactions on a blockchain. In a PoW system, miners are responsible for verifying and committing transactions to the blockchain. During the verification process, miners compete against each other to solve complex cryptographic puzzles. The first miner to solve the puzzle is rewarded with cryptocurrency, and the transaction is added to the blockchain.

Reasons To Shift From Proof of Work

The Ethereum ecosystem has evolved at an astounding rate in the last year. This growth was primarily due to a significant emergence and explosion of NFTs and Decentralised Finance (DeFi) initiatives. While the change-over was imminent, some factors to be considered for the same are:

  • The PoW consensus protocol requires users to utilise significant computational power to validate transactions and add new blocks to the network.
  • Users who devote their computational resources to the shared ledger are miners.
  • These miners are rewarded with Ether tokens in exchange for the computing power they have supplied to the network.
  • With PoW consensus, Ethereum takes up to 113 terawatt-hours of electricity in a year. According to Digiconomist, it is more than the total electricity consumption of the Netherlands per year.
  • The current Ethereum transaction with PoW consensus takes up energy equivalent to the consumption of one week of energy of an average US household.

With so many downsides to its cap, PoW has many advantages, which is one of the main reasons it has been a reliable consensus for so long. The PoW consensus has been robust and secure all these years. But the consensus can be utilised by a cryptocurrency with a massive valuation and relatively simple use case, such as the bitcoin. With the amount of energy and power involved, it becomes difficult for individuals to meddle with a high valuation asset.

Proof of Stake

The consensus protocol Proof-of-stake (PoS) has been introduced to address the issue of over-mining. Proof of stake (PoS) is critical to understand because it could eventually replace the proof of work (PoW) consensus mechanism that is currently used by most cryptocurrencies.

“PoS is a way to achieve decentralised consensus without using energy-intensive mining. It is an alternative to the more common proof of work algorithm. With PoS, a cryptocurrency’s blockchain is secured by its token holders who are required to lock up their tokens as stake and not by miners equipped with powerful hardware. It’s an energy-efficient, cost-effective and therefore, a popular choice for crypto giants like Ethereum,” states Dev Sharma, CEO of Blockwiz, a crypto marketing agency.

In contrast to PoW, in which the individual who completes the mathematical proof first is rewarded with new coins, with PoS, no new coins are created.

Benefits of Proof of Stake Consensus

Proof-of-stake introduces several enhancements over the PoS mechanism:

  • Improved resource proficiency – you don’t need as many energy mining blocks.
  • Minimal entry barriers, lower hardware requirements – Even if you don’t possess top-tier hardware, you still get ample opportunities to participate in the creation of blocks.
  • More excellent resistance to centralization – PoS would imminently facilitate the generation of more nodes.
  • Staking facilitates the operation of a node. It does not necessitate significant expenditure on equipment purchases or resources, and if you lack the ETH token to stake, you cannot participate in staking pools.
  • Staking consensus enables reliable sharding. Shards enable Ethereum to generate new blocks simultaneously, leading to enhanced throughput of transactions.
  • In a PoW mechanism, sharding the chain would reduce the amount of energy required to modify a particular network section.

In a Nutshell

Proof of stake (PoS) is a type of algorithm used by cryptocurrencies to determine who gets to create new blocks on the blockchain. PoS works by requiring users to lock up some of their currency in a smart contract called a stake. In return, they are given the right to validate blocks on the network and earn rewards.

The advantage of PoS is that it doesn’t require the massive energy consumption that PoW does. This non-dependency on massive energy utilisation makes it more environmentally friendly. It reduces the risk of centralisation since few users would be able to control the majority of the currency. Therefore, it’s no wonder that Ethereum is making the much-anticipated switch.

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Amber Group March Recap 2022: Here’s What Happened

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Amber Group NewsNamed one of CB Insights’ 2022 Blockchain 50, an annual ranking of the most promising blockchain and crypto companies in the world.

Announced the appointment of Ehsan Haque as the General Counsel for Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA)  region.

CEO Michael Wu was selected as a recipient of the “Top 100 CEOs in Innovation Award 2022” by Word Biz Magazine.

Product Development and Partnerships

Amber Group Partnerships

Participated in Mina Foundation’s token sale, EthSign’s seed round, and Zecrey protocol’s angel round.

In the News

Michael Wu CEO Awards

World Biz Magazine: Michael Wu, CEO of Amber Group – interview WBM Top 100 Innovation CEO.

CNBC: For crypto to be adopted globally, we will have to comply with regulators: Crypto-trading platform.

Bloomberg: Bankers Who Stay in Hong Kong Are Rewarded With a Pay Bonanza.

Economist: EthSign raises $12 million in stable coin led by Sequoia Capital India, Mirana Ventures.

Forkast News: From crisis currency to consumer adoption: What next for crypto?

CoinDesk: Mina foundation raises $92M to accelerate adoption of Zero-Knowledge Proofs.

Cointelegraph: If the glass slipper doesn’t fit, smash it: Unraveling the myth of gender equality in crypto.

AMBCrypto: Amber Group strengthens management team with Ehsan Haque as EMEA General Counsel.

CoinCu: Zecrey protocol has raised $4M in an angel fundraising round.

Chain Debrief: Is the user experience in DeFi bad? Opportunities, challenges and how to see growth in DeFi.

Medium: Reproducing the $APE airdrop flash loan arbitrage/exploit.

Medium: Non-fungible trends.

Events and Media Appearances

Michael Wu

CEO Michael Wu joined Forkast News to discuss crypto’s consumer adoption and what’s next for crypto.

CEO Michael Wu joined CNBC Street Signs Asia to share how Amber Group seeks a balance between regulation and crypto development.

CEO Michael Wu gave an interview with Economist Impact at Technology for Change Week on how to stay ahead of the curve in the fintech space.

Managing Partner Annabelle Huang joined Economist Impact’s Asia Trade Week to discuss the future of crypto as payment in Asia.

Managing Partner Annabelle Huang joined Avalanche Summit to discuss the opportunities and challenges in DeFi.

Managing Partner Annabelle Huang joined Goldman Sach’s panel discussion on “Digital assets – Investing in the future” to celebrate International Women’s Day.

Annabelle Huang

Managing Partner Annabelle Huang gave a guest lecture on DeFi and Web3 for the International Finance class at Singapore Management University.

Managing Partner Annabelle Huang joined the DIG FIN VOX podcast to talk about Amber Group’s move to Singapore and into retail.

CSO Dimitrios Kavvathas joined Blockchain Africa Conference 2022 to discuss institutional investment in crypto.

CSO Dimitrios Kavvathas joined FinTech Festival India at a panel discussion on “De-Fi – A better solution for peer-to-peer lending”.

CSO Dimitrios Kavvathas joined the World Blockchain Summit in Dubai at a panel discussion on “Fostering the global crypto ecosystem”.

Dimitrios Kavvathas

Europe Managing Director Sophia Shluger delivered a keynote speech on digital wealth at Blockchain Africa Conference 2022.

Europe Managing Director Sophia Shluger joined the CryptoCompare Summit in London to discuss the building blocks of the new digital economy.

Europe Managing Director Sophia Shluger joined the FundFocus Europe 2022 conference to discuss the foundation for the widespread institutional adoption of cryptocurrency.

Sophia ShlugerRear

Latin America Managing Director Nicole Pabello joined the Ethereum Rio conference to discuss the LATAM Ecosystem in the world.

Nicole Pabello

Institutional Sales Director Justin d’Anethan joined EmergentX’s Annual Digital Asset Summit to discuss the institutionalizing of the digital asset industry.

Justin d'Anethan

Managing Director Ben Radclyffe joined Credit Suisse’s Asian Investment Conference to discuss the spillovers between crypto and equity markets.

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Launch of the Hydra Developer Bootcamp

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Hydra Bootcamp

The Hydra Developer Bootcamp organised by ChainIDE and Conflux for Web3 developers in Africa provides them with hands-on blockchain 101 training, insight into the African blockchain & crypto industry, and a unique outlook on the future prospects of the Metaverse and Web 3. More than 200 people have already signed up for this event while the first two modules have already attracted more than 500 views in two days.

On Saturday 2nd April 2022, the opening ceremony of the 2022 Hydra Developer Bootcamp was successfully held. Wu Xiao, CEO of WhiteMatrix, a Chinese tech firm that provides industry-leading blockchain services, was the first guest speaker at the opening ceremony and said,  “we strive to support the blockchain ecosystem and grow together with the community”.

Chris, head of global expansions at Conflux Network, advocates for the transition towards Web3 and the mass adoption of blockchain technology. Topics such as DeFi, GameFi, and the phenomenon of Africa boasting the biggest volume of Bitcoin remittance in the world are to be discussed in the future.

On launch day, the co-founder of GIGx, Osamede Arhunmwunde described the adoption of blockchain technology as the opportunity of our generation. The goal of GIGX as Africa’s first decentralised marketplace is to onboard the next million users across Nigeria.

Other guests include Chimezie Chuta: founder of Blockchain Nigeria User Group (BNUG), Conflux Network was also represented by Ehis Omozusi, their regional marketing & business lead. Other valuable guests include Obasi Francis: CEO & Co-founder of Cassava Network & former CEO at Lead Wallet and Gaius Chibueze: CEO of ABiT Network.

During the panel discussion, Mr. Chuta depicts the lack of trust and transparency as the main bottlenecks to Africa’s development, and that blockchain’s nature (transparent, immutable, verifiable, secure & decentralised) could be the key to solving this problem. On the other hand, Mr. Ehis emphasised the enormous growth potential of the African crypto sector and that this line of work is not limited to developers. During his intervention, Mr. Francis stressed that the crypto space in Africa boasts an excellent development environment as it is already self-regulating.

The Hydra Developer Bootcamp comes with a $7000 Bounty, and POAPs are available for those who attend the bootcamp from Week 2 to Week 4. Participants that attended the entire bootcamp event will get a chance to join the giveaway lottery scheduled on Week 4. The registration deadline for the Hydra Developer Bootcamp is 9th April at 13:00 GMT+1.

Future modules in this Hydra Developer Bootcamp include creating smart contracts using Solidity, and developing a blockchain-based game and metaverse. Team building has started and participants may contact other members in the Telegram group or outside the TG group to build a Team. Coding lectures will start next week and instructions will be given on how to build applications and deploy them on the Conflux blockchain. Make sure to follow the Hydra Developer Bootcamp on Official channels and remember filling in the forms in the Telegram group!

Official Website:

https://labs.confluxnetwork.org/

Event Registration:

https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScx-OzoePNhf4-w7uo6SAEPT_Ckw9JH7VccyuIq_9askqWF9w/viewform

Latest Bootcamp info:

https://t.me/ChainIDEAfrica

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