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Ghanaian Payments Company Mazzuma Aims to Fix Mobile Money Using the Blockchain

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Mazzuma

Ghanaian payments platform, Mazzuma, has launched the third phase of its initial coin offering (ICO) to fund the development of its new blockchain-based mobile payments solution that aims to tackle the challenges that mobile money users are facing in Africa.

Who is Mazzuma?

As the flagship product of CYST, Mazzuma is a Ghanaian-based mobile money payment platform that utilises a secure distributed infrastructure and a native digital token to allow for instant payments. Mazzuma combines the use of blockchain technology and artificial intelligence to boost the existing payment systems in Ghana.

MazzumaThe Mazzuma platform has over 26,000 accounts and has processed transactions worth over GHC 7.5 million (around $1.5 million). Currently, the platform registers over 100 new accounts daily and has been ranked as the third highest used payment platform based on transaction volume.

The Mazzuma token, known as MAZ, will be the main payment medium in the Mazzuma ecosystem. Transactions made on the platform will be instant and free of any transaction fees. This is in line with the Mazzuma philosophy, which seeks to create a strong and robust payment ecosystem that is available to the masses while providing them with the freedom to use their funds in a favorable and stress-free way.

In the long term, the Mazzuma platform’s intent is to ensure that digital currencies slowly replace existing mobile money as the main method of payment in Africa by blending both systems on existing platforms. By merging the systems together, the platform will hasten the growth of cryptocurrencies and further expose users to the benefits of blockchain-based payments that will help solve existing problems faced with mobile money payments.

Fixing Mobile Money Problems Using Blockchain Technology

Mobile money platforms charge high transaction fees coupled with cross-telecom and cross-border exchanges that are slow, expensive and cumbersome. Registering accepting retailers creates overhead costs that get passed on to the consumers while limiting utility.

Security is another issue faced by mobile money platforms. All data is stored in a central place which makes the platforms susceptible to hacking. Since the blockchain is decentralised and immutable in nature, it allows for the secure recording, storing and transfer of any type of data.

Mobile money systems also suffer from inferior proofs of identity that become barriers to entry due to badly-defined creditworthiness. Most citizens are faced with the challenge of proving who they are, what they do and what they own in traditional channels.

In addition, mobile money systems are in most cases interoperable and require users to make transactions with those who are on the same service hence limiting its reach. Mobile money platforms also have daily transaction limits which can be too small for the middle-class individual’s financial needs such as paying school fees or buying an international ticket.

The Mazzuma Token Ecosystem 

MazzumaAccording to the company, the new platform will have e-commerce plugins for online shops to integrate and accept Mazzuma tokens for payments by simply choosing the “Pay with Mazzuma” option.

Additionally, an Application Programming Interface (API) will be made available for developers which will support iOS, Android and Web applications. The API will make it possible to accept the Mazzuma tokens as payments in their applications.

The platform will combine the use of chatbots and Artificial Intelligence on both Facebook, Messenger, and Telegram to enable users to send Mazzuma tokens to other users on the Mazzuma platform.

Future Plans

As the adoption of the platform continues, Mazzuma plans to expand its service to major e-commerce outlets and avenues worldwide. Their goal is to “bridge the gap between the huge economic benefits of cryptocurrencies and the existing financial ecosystem”.

In order to position itself as the global payments leader in both the developed and emerging markets, Mazzuma intends to continue to make improvements to the system as well as research and implement artificial intelligence into payments while supporting payment-enabled IoT devices.

The Mazzuma token sale is expected to run till September 5, 2018. Interested investors can read the whitepaper for the Mazzuma tokens here and subscribe to the token sale here.

Disclaimer: Readers should do their own due diligence before taking any actions related to any company, product or service mentioned. BitcoinAfrica.io is not responsible, directly or indirectly, for any loss or damage caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, product or service mentioned in this article.

 

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Twitter CEO Thinks Africa Will Decide the Future of Bitcoin

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The CEO of microblogging platform Twitter, Jack Dorsey, believes that Bitcoin’s future will be decided in Africa. The celebrity CEO has stood behind the first cryptocurrency over the years saying that it’s the only digital currency that has stood the test of time, gone through boom and bust cycles, and handled fierce criticism only to stay tenacious.

One of the recent tweets of Twitter CEO says that although the currency is seeing increased adoption in European countries, the future of bitcoin is in Africa. His opinion came at the end of his tour of Ghana and Nigeria. His tweet read:

Mr. Dorsey is convinced that Africa will play a crucial role in deciding bitcoin’s future success and he’s willing to stand by his words by promoting the currency in the region through tours and meet-ups. Earlier, he participated in a meet up in Ethiopia where ideas were exchanged about promoting bitcoin and the related services.

What Will Drive the Future of Bitcoin in Africa?

So, what are the factors that will drive cryptocurrency in Africa? According to the Twitter CEO, one of the largest continents is at a crossroads where economic turmoil, poverty issues, and lack of infrastructure development and financial opportunities are pushing people toward cryptocurrencies, and bitcoin is one of them. They are placing their trust in cryptocurrencies and blockchain to bypass government corruption and incompetence.

It is really interesting to note that Dorsey isn’t alone in this. There are other crypto celebrities who share his opinion including Nate Hindman, who is the head of growth at Bancor. Mr. Hindman is quite confident in cryptocurrency’s future in the African countries as he says:

“In emerging markets like Africa, the shallow reach of traditional money systems means there’s less resistance to new financial technology.”

Another nod of agreement comes from Ray Youssef, CEO of Paxful, which is a peer-to-peer marketplace for trading bitcoin. He says that we’re only noticing the growth now because we haven’t been paying attention.

Africa hasn’t gotten big into bitcoin suddenly. In fact, they’ve been using the currency for many years and not only that, but they’ve taught us a lot about the real-world use cases of bitcoin.

However, this development hasn’t come without its own challenges as cryptocurrency laws in African countries can be quite restrictive, especially in Nigeria. Ray Youssef says:

“We found a way for them to export an asset, which is gift cards, as a way to go around financial restrictions. Now, bitcoin is flooding out of Nigeria and into other African countries because of the ambition of the Nigerian bitcoin community and Paxful.”

Paxful has seen immense growth with a total of three million subscribers and almost half of them come from African countries and the subscriber base is growing at a rapid pace. According to the recent stats, Nigeria, US, and Ghana made over 15 million trades in the last year, which is 65% year-on-year growth.

And it’s not just Paxful that is witnessing amazing growth in Africa. Binance also launched a new service by the name of Binance Uganda, where citizens can purchase bitcoin directly with their fiat currency. This step is helping the country to gain access to crypto markets, improve liquidity and increase the foothold of cryptocurrency trading in Africa. Belfrics is another exchange that’s offering its trading services in Tanzania, Nigeria, and Kenya.

Having said that, the growth of the cryptocurrency industry in the continent is also going to depend on the legislation and regulations around crypto trading. Just like online gambling, as in NCAAF college games betting, cryptocurrencies must be legislated and done responsibly, putting the trust into consumers.

If reigning governments don’t decide to be intrusive and keep the markets open, cryptocurrencies, including bitcoin, are going to play a massive role in the economic growth of African countries, and the prediction of Jack Dorsey may come true.

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Is Pipcoin a South African Scam Coin?

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Pipcoin, a South African based “cryptocurrency” project, has been a major point of contention over the years. In this review, we look at the controversies surrounding pipcoin and highlight why the project is most likely a scam.

Who is Behind Pipcoin?

David Schwartz and Ref Wayne Nkele founded pipcoin in 2016. Very little is known about Schwartz while there is a lot of information on Wayne Nkele.

PipcoinRef Wayne is a forex trader from South Africa, who calls himself a self-made billionaire. Further, Wayne Nkele has made several appearances on South African television and radio stations to promote his company, African Forex Institute.

African Forex Institute is a South African forex trading company that claims to train people on how to make money through online trading. He started this company on the back of his popularity and large social media following. 

The company promised to make people millionaires through its paid events and groups. Unfortunately for Wayne, his business model that had also been made popular by Sandile Shezi of the Global Forex Institute was clamped down upon.

It was alleged that although these trainers charged for a premium membership, their content came from free sites that charged absolutely nothing. At this point, Wayne had to move into a new industry. He entered the cryptocurrency industry, which was rising in interest and popularity in 2016.

As of 2016, South Africa was part of the top ten countries with the highest search volume for the keyword bitcoin. Later in 2017, South Africa became number one on the same metric on Google Trends.

With the growing interest, Pipcoin became extremely popular.

How Does Pipcoin Claim to Work?

Pipcoin describes itself as a “cryptocurrency” that provides an investment opportunity that pays interest every month. The project promised up to 35 percent of interest every month to individuals who bought the “cryptocurrency”.

The “cryptocurrency” was launched without any blockchain or code to back up its existence and creation. Pipcoin gained a lot of popularity due to its outlandish claims, making it a very popular crypto-related investment. 

Below is a video of an interview of Wayne on SABC, a big television network in South Africa. 

It’s growing popularity in 2016 to late 2017 can also be seen via Google Trends data from 2016 to 2019 on the search trends for the keyword “Pipcoin” in South Africa.

Pipcoin Scam

To use pipcoin, users have to go to the project’s website and purchase coins on the website. The “cryptocurrency” has no wallet and is not traded on any exchange. 

If you invest in pipcoin and you want to sell your coins, you will have to sell it on the same website to other people who are interested in buying it. 

Why Pipcoin Is Likely A Scam

Pipcoin has all the markings of a classic Ponzi scheme. First, Pipcoin guarantees that your investment will grow at least 1 percent every day and up to 35 percent by the end of the month. There is no clearer red flag than that!

Secondly, Pipcoin lacks the features of all legitimate cryptocurrencies. The project has no code backing it, no working blockchain explorer, no mobile or desktop wallets, and no exchange support. 

Initially, Pipcoin had no record of its “blockchain” until it launched pipchain.com, its version of a block explorer that never worked as it was supposed to.

The block explorer has no records of pipcoin transactions. Instead, it contains records of bitcoin transactions. It seems to be a forked version of blockchain.info’s block explorer with all bitcoin words, changed to pipcoin as pointed out by a Reddit user.

Another important detail about pipcoin is the unavailability of an inflation model or coin supply information. What’s more, there is no information on how new coins are created. 

Currently, several investors in pipcoin cannot access their coins or money since the project website is down. A visit to their website will redirect you to a domain sales page. This would suggest that its founders have exit scammed their users. 

List of Red Flags

  • Makes claims of impossibly high guaranteed monthly returns
  • Claims that investors cannot lose their investment
  • The company has failed to pay investors
  • The technical details on the project are sketchy
  • Its website is offline

Avoid the Next Pipcoin

While you cannot technically refer to something as a scam until a court of law rules it as such, everything points in that direction for this South African “crypto” project.

The story of Pipcoin should act as a cautionary tale for other projects that show similar characteristics. We urge readers to stay away from such investment schemes to avoid losing money. 

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Bitcoin in Zimbabwe: Are Zimbabweans Really Embracing Cryptocurrencies?

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Bitcoin in Zimbabwe

If you read crypto media, you may be under the impression that bitcoin plays a major role in helping cash-strapped Zimbabweans. The “bitcoin is saving Zimbabwe” story may sell but the reality of cryptocurrency adoption in the Southern African nation is quite different. In this article, you will discover the real story of bitcoin in Zimbabwe told by a local journalist.

Zimbabwe Today

Zimbabwe’s deteriorating socio-political environment is widely blamed on the mismanagement of the country’s failing fiat currency and the standoff between the country’s main political parties. Since the August 2018 disputed elections, the country has witnessed a number of demonstrations that turned violent resulting in the destruction of property and loss of lives.

Introduced in 2016, the Zimdollar – which briefly traded at par with the USD – has depreciated by as much as 900 percent leading to an inevitable spike in inflation and the subsequent social unrest. While the government has suspended the announcement of inflation figures, John Hopkins University’s applied economics professor, Steve Hanke, currently estimates it to be 558 percent.

To compound matters for Zimbabweans, the government has since introduced different regulations that have essentially curtailed the use of foreign currency as a hedge against inflation. Zimbabwe has had a dollarised economy since 2009 but this was discontinued in June 2019 when a statutory instrument made it illegal to conduct local transactions in USD.

With the USD option now seemingly closed, Zimbabweans are now seeking other alternatives that shield earnings and savings from hyperinflation. Bitcoin would be such an option.

Bitcoin in Zimbabwe

bitcoinIn fact, to many people outside Zimbabwe, the aforementioned conditions make it seem logical for Zimbabweans to switch to bitcoin and cryptocurrencies in general. So, have they embraced cryptocurrencies?

Indeed, local bitcoin trading has been growing but it is the extent of this growth that remains far from what some would expect.

Despite this narrative being overhyped by the global media, bitcoin use in Zimbabwe remains insignificant. The reasons for this lack of enthusiasm range from the usual challenges like price volatility, regulatory uncertainty as well as country-specific ones like the lack of reliable exchanges, ignorance, and limited internet access.

Cryptocurrencies are borderless and thus not subject to Zimbabwe’s stringent foreign exchange controls. Yet, the technology remains relatively a novel one to ordinary Zimbabweans. Few see it as a solution to the country’s long-running fiat currency troubles.

While there might be a general consensus when it comes to identifying the genesis of the country’s fiat currency troubles, the ensuing debate suggests that decentralised cryptocurrencies are not (yet) seen as a viable alternative.

Some economic experts including one of Zimbabwe’s most successful finance minister, Tendai Biti, believes the adoption of the South African rand as the best solution to attack the country’s currency problems. Cryptocurrency is generally seen as a far-fetched solution. Although, the current finance minister, Mthuli Ncube did talk up its potential soon after being appointed to the job. 

Lack of Peer-to-Peer Exchanges Presence

It would seem that only a few Zimbabweans are aware that it was Golix, a crypto exchange, which briefly brought this crypto alternative to the country. Golix (previously known as Bitfinance) opened its doors to provide a bitcoin trading platform for local users. In early 2018, Golix stated that it has grown its userbase to over 50,000 and had experienced $20 million in transaction volume in the three years since its launch.

In fact, Golix managed to grow its platform and userbase and announced plans to expand into South Africa, Kenya, and Uganda after a successful ICO (initial coin offering) in 2018. However, during that year the country’s central bank issued a moratorium that essentially barred financial institutions from supporting cryptocurrency exchanges. Golix even had its Bitcoin ATM seized as authorities pushed back against cryptocurrencies prompting the exchange company to seek redress at the High Court.

The court did overturn the central bank’s decision in May 2018 but Golix ultimately decided to shelve its Zimbabwean exchange business. In spite of this setback, some Zimbabwe-based traders were unperturbed and continued trading. They simply circumvented local central bank regulations by conducting deals on foreign domiciled exchanges like LocalBitcoins, Paxful, Reminato, Coindirect, etc.

For example, on one of the world’s largest peer-to-peer bitcoin trading platform, LocalBitcoins, there are six offers for bitcoin in Zimbabwe, at the time of writing, with a total supply of less than $30,000 worth of BTC. On the bid side, there are six traders who are willing to purchase the crypto but it should be emphasized that some of these traders could be based outside Zimbabwe.

At the same time Paxful, which has managed to establish itself as one of the most popular peer-to-peer exchanges in Africa, does market bids and offers for Zimbabwe-based users. On first glance, there seems to be more activity in this Zimbabwean bitcoin market than on LocalBitcoins with dozens of listed advertisements. Closer inspection, however, shows that there are no cash in person, EcoCash or local bank transfer purchase options that local Zimbabweans would typically use to trade bitcoin. There are also no available advertisements for transactions in the Zimbabwean dollar (ZWL). Zimbabweans are seemingly not using the platform.

Other peer-to-peer exchanges with a presence in Africa include Coindirect, Remitano, and Cryptogem. However, all of them show little to no activity involving Zimbabwean traders.

Informal Crypto Trading Groups

informal trading groupsEvents of 2018 forced Zimbabwe-based crypto traders to use other platforms to facilitate crypto trading. Facebook, Whatsapp, and Telegram have since emerged as some of the popular platforms where buyers and sellers meet.

For instance, one such chat group has about 31 members but only five members traded over the past 31 days while the value traded did not exceed $2000 at the time of writing.

Interestingly, on August 15, 2019, when cryptocurrency prices dropped heavily, one trader posted that they were selling 25 BTC. Bemused group members apparently not accustomed to such amounts, responded by asking if the seller had possibly made a typo error when posting.

Nevertheless, it is also possible that the traded values could be higher between peers or in other groups to which this writer is not exposed to. BitcoinAfrica.io reached out to one member of Zimbabwe’s crypto community who – besides actually working for a blockchain startup – has been involved in this space for five years, three of which are on a full-time basis. The member who preferred to remain anonymous had this to say:

“Now that the bull run period is confirmed, we are seeing around 30-40k per day of new money entering into the crypto industry locally, with 95 percent plus of that being USD into bitcoin. Potentially, you could double that as we are not exposed to all the groups in Zimbabwe.”

Still, such traded values do not support the hype, which reached a zenith in July 2019, when one online crypto media outlet claimed Zimbabwean traders were paying up to $76,000 USD for one BTC! Of course, this was incorrect.

In activities seen in one chat group, Zimbabwean bitcoin buyers are asked to pay a small premium of between 5 and 10 percent on the global USD bitcoin price. Sellers can choose to receive funds in local ZWL through the mobile money application Ecocash. At the current exchange rate (1:10), a seller receiving funds in ZWL via Ecocash will get about $105,000 to $110,000, a figure that should not be confused with the USD. That is how most bitcoin trades are currently being conducted in Zimbabwe. 

Ignorant Diaspora

Meanwhile, a case has consistently been made for the utility and cost-effectiveness of using cryptocurrencies when sending remittances. Zimbabwe, which has a sizeable Diaspora community, should naturally see more funds channeled via this route. However, statistics from the country’s central bank and other sources like the World Bank show that many Zimbabweans abroad still use formal money transfer agencies (MTA) like Western Union, Moneygram or Mukuru.com to send money home. Many more use informal channels but no one can really ascertain the values transferred therein as there is no reliable data.

It would seem Zimbabweans remain ignorant of the potential benefits of cryptocurrencies while the lack of a properly registered local crypto exchange remains a key deterrent to those interested in buying and using bitcoin.

The anonymous crypto enthusiast also added:

“Zimbabweans need a crypto application that is reliable, fungible, cheap and one that allows for swift transfer of funds. When such a platform becomes available, Zimbabweans will embrace cryptocurrencies in large numbers.”

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