Monero is a privacy-focused cryptocurrency that resonates with a large number of users who are disillusioned with the level of financial privacy that public blockchain-based cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin and litecoin offer. Apart from offering users anonymity, Monero mining can be a profitable venture due to its CryptoNote protocol which is resistant to ASICs mining and enables anyone to mine Monero using a CPU.
Launched in 2014, Monero (XMR) has a number of features that set it apart from cryptocurrencies. Users are able to enjoy a higher degree of privacy since their balances are not broadcasted on the blockchain as is the case with bitcoin. This is made possible by the use of ring signatures, which operate by mixing a user’s account keys with public keys from the Monero blockchain to create a ring of “signers” and thus shielding users balances on the network.
Furthermore, privacy is also reinforced through stealth addresses to obscure the details of transacting parties. Stealth addresses are one-time addresses, generated randomly on behalf of the buyer on each transaction. This makes transactions on the network untraceable.
In proof-of-work cryptocurrency networks, mining refers to the process of miners contributing computational power to validate transactions and maintain the network. For instance, bitcoin miners generate hashes to solve complex algorithms to create blocks of validated transactions and include them in the Bitcoin blockchain. For their effort, successful miners are rewarded with new bitcoin. This reward works to incentivise miners to contribute to the processing power of the network.
The algorithms are solved by means of a hash function that produces a result within a certain range. In other words, a hash function takes a measured input and gives out an output of a specified length. In regards to bitcoin, the SHA256 is the hash function used. The hash rate is the computing speed necessary to solve a puzzle in the bitcoin code. The higher the hash rate the more likely a miner can succeed in finding the next block and receiving the reward.
Having said that, because of the level of difficulty of finding the correct output, mining can be an expensive and power intensive affair. In the early days of bitcoin mining, you could use a CPU or high-speed video processor cards. Nowadays that is no longer possible. The processing capabilities and high energy requirement needed can only be achieved through specialized ASICs hardware for bitcoin.
The high cost of specialised hardware coupled with the power needed prevents many people from mining bitcoin.
Monero, on the other hand, offers opportunities when it comes to mining. To begin with, since its based on the CryptoNote protocol, you can mine monero on a CPU or using a GPU. The hashing algorithm used in CryptoNote systems is known as ‘CryptoNight’ and was designed to build a more level and decentralised cryptocurrency.
Digital currencies that incorporate the CryptoNight hashing algorithm are AISC resistant, which means they cannot be mined using ASIC hardware. CryptoNight is built to take advantage of AES-Ni instruction, which allows for CPU mining with some of the work done by CryptoNight already being performed by hardware on modern consumer machines.
How to Mine Monero (XMR) on your PC
Monero is one of the few cryptocurrencies where you can still make money mining as an individual. A decent i5 or i7 should still make you a decent return and get you started.
Here is a step by step guide to CPU mining XMR on Windows:
- Set up a Monero Wallet: You can use MyMonero.com to create an account and ultimately set up your wallet. Ensure you save the string of words it gives you since that will be your password. Once you obtain this do not forget to copy your Monero address.
- Download the Miner and extract xmr-stak-cpu: Use this download link and choose xmr-stak-cpu-win64-zip.
- Determine the number of threads you should use: You must first examine how much cache and cores your CPU possesses. For instance, your CPU has 4MB cache and 4 cores. To decide how many threads you require to divide your cache by 2MB. This way you only need 2 threads, which is the result you get after 4MB/2MB. In a different scenario, your CPU has 16MB and 8 cores. The assumption would be you require 8 threads, which is not the case. If the number of threads you need to use is equal to the number of cores you subtract one. You can still work with 7 threads since it is not necessary to use all the cores and that is why we subtract one.
- Edit the config file: Here is an example of a config file. The threads you plan to use will be placed in the section under ‘cpu_threads_conf’ The file limit is seven threads so feel free to remove any you deem necessary. Also, remember to switch the wallet address at the bottom, to your wallet’s address.
- Load Huge Pages: In the config file you will notice a section showing how to allow huge pages on Windows.
- Execute XMR-STAK-CPU: Browse your xmr-stak-cpu folder and start up the ‘xmr-stak-cpu’ executable file. You are now mining XMR on your CPU.
As you can see from this guide, It is relatively to get started with mining Monero as you do not requite expensive mining hardware as is the case of bitcoin. Moreover, Monero has established itself as the leading privacy coin and has cemented its spot in the top 20 largest cryptocurrencies. That means it has a lot of upside price potential which could boost your Monero mining profits.
Emerging Markets More Likely to Adopt Cryptocurrencies from Global Brands, Luno Study Says
A new study by digital asset exchange Luno indicates that emerging markets are more likely to adopt cryptocurrencies from global brands. This finding was collected from a survey called the ‘Future of Money’ carried out between May 17, 2019, and June 7, 2019. The survey interviewed over 7000 respondents from Nigeria, South Africa, the United Kingdom, France, Indonesia, Italy, and Malaysia.
Emerging Markets, the Future of Money and Libra
According to the ‘Future of Money’ survey, the early adopters of cryptocurrencies are likely to come from emerging markets. The findings, therefore, show a close connection between emerging markets and the future of money confirming the view that those with “less appear to take greater financial risks.”
These results come at a time when Facebook recently announced that it will introduce Libra, a new digital currency in 2020. The aim of Libra is to help people make financial transactions online, especially in emerging markets where banks are not servicing the population as well as they should be.
Luno’s CEO Marcus Swanepoel said: “As some of the world’s largest tech giants announce they are launching cryptocurrency coins, we believe developing markets will be the lead adopters. Our research shows that in these markets people are more financially savvy because they have to be, which means that they need and understand the benefits the new coins can offer.”
To further show why the future of money could have a greater impact on emerging markets, data from the survey indicated that 33 percent people in Indonesia are more likely to remain within a set budget compared to 0 percent in the UK.
Additionally, the number of people that establish a monthly budget is 80 percent in Malaysia, 65 percent in Nigeria, 73 percent in South Africa, 74 percent in Indonesia, and 54 percent in the UK. Asked why money is crucial to them, the respondents said it was to secure their families’ well-being (60 percent) and to pay for education. This answer was given by 25 percent of the respondents from Nigeria compared to 8 percent in the UK.
Luno is a global cryptocurrency company headquartered in London and offices in South Africa.
Crypto adoption will probably take place at the grassroots level than at the institutional level, Swanepoel observed. He based this argument on the findings that most people from emerging markets will probably seek financial advice from family, friends, and colleagues than from government organisations.
“It is very clear that if money is not simply a ‘nice to have’ and is vital for your future, then you spend more time understanding it, managing it, preserving it and to an extent being creative with how you maximise the use of it. Therefore, if a cryptocurrency can provide a secure and cheaper means of exchanging value better than the existing system, it will be used. This is why we believe that as new cryptocurrencies linked to global brands are introduced, they will find an important audience in emerging markets,” Swanepoel added.
Luno’s study paints a clear picture of what the future of money could look like. However, certain factors such as Internet connectivity could inhibit the fast adoption of crypto in developing markets.
PIVX Announces Launch of PIVX Foundation at UN’s Blockchain for Impact Summit
PIVX announced the official launch of the PIVX Foundation at the UN’s second Blockchain for Impact Summit held in New York on June 4, 2019. The summit, which focuses on how blockchain technology can be used to drive the achievement of sustainable development goals, was led by the United Nations’ Blockchain Sustainability Commission.
The PIVX Foundation
Bryan Doreian, the PIVX Global Ambassador and Co-Founder of the PIVX Foundation, made the announcement to his fellow delegates during the summit.
“The launch of the PIVX Foundation, an independent non-profit focused on supporting PIVX and the larger blockchain ecosystem, provides a massive opportunity for PIVX to grow. Donors can now leverage charitable contributions (charitable contributions can offset taxes they might otherwise be paying) – AND help support the PIVX ecosystem at the same time. This is a major win for community members who may have been donating to fund projects through PIVX in the past without a charity tax receipt,” he said.
The PIVX Foundation is a registered charity, an extension of the PIVX community, and a component of the SDG Impact Fund, a donor-advised fund in support of UN’s SDGs. The Foundation’s mission is to leverage innovation to create impact.
PIVX is a community-focused cryptocurrency that operates as a decentralised autonomous organisation (DAO), which means that it is run by the people, for the people. The PIVX Foundation will be run in the same way.
The community makes monthly donations when the treasury budget is not enough to cover a project’s needs. Donors will now start receiving tax benefits for the money they contribute.
According to a published statement from the PIVX Foundation, a generous community is presently funding the Foundation and its governance is under the PIVX community. “In order to receive the budget to fund impact development programs, grant applications will need to run through the PIVX Proposal system and be voted on by the community to ensure the SDGs maintain top priority for all funded initiatives,” the statement explained.
The PIVX Foundation is run using the PIVX currency, PIV. This means that donors contribute in PIV to help fund projects. As the first cryptocurrency-driven foundation within the SDG Impact Fund, PIVX has a place at the UN as a top impact technology.
The First Project
The PIVX Foundation will fund the first project in collaboration with Vendible and the SDG Impact Fund. Doreian will be leading this project with the aim of developing a payments processor with zero-fees on transactions, hence eliminating the three to seven percent processing costs associated with traditional online charitable platforms.
“Since the PIVX Foundation is a sub-component of the SDG Impact Fund, it is already taking part in leveraging its resources and insights to help build out some novel charitable donation platforms including the payment rails for the SDG Impact Fund and all affiliated charities to accept crypto donations. All of this will be of incredible use for the philanthropic realms, as well as more tangibly align blockchain with charity, putting PIVX in the central focus,” Doreian elaborated.
The announcement of the PIVX Foundation launch comes after the project introduced an iOS wallet app, an important step to increasing the adoption of the PIVX currency.
South Africa’s Xago Deploys RippleNet in its Gateway to Boost Financial Inclusion
Xago, a money transfer startup that aims to increase financial inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa, has announced the integration of RippleNet to its gateway.
The Xago Gateway
The South Africa-based fintech company has deployed RippleNet to its gateway to enable local and international fiat currency and digital asset transfer. RippleNet is a blockchain-based global payments network that is made up of payment providers, banks, and financial institutions launched by San Francisco-based Ripple.
According to Xago, the users of its payments platform will be able to access the transfer and exchange of digital assets via the XRP ledger. Additionally, the integration of RippleNet to the Xago gateway will enable customers to exchange the South African Rand for XRP.
“Xago uses the XRP Ledger as a distributed exchange where users can exchange XRP for ZAR,” said Xago.
The Xago gateway provides an entry point to the Ripple Network where customers can enjoy low-cost cross-border payments, instant payments, frictionless transfers, and transparent transactions.
Xago’s gateway is built for businesses while Ripple’s payments network is an enterprise blockchain solution. The Xago gateway acts as a connection between market makers and customers.
How it Works
To register to use the gateway, both businesses and individuals will need to undergo a KYC process. Xago also uses a third-party service provider to ensure that the platform is compliant with the Financial Intelligence Centre Act regulations.
Xago acts as both an issuing gateway and a private exchange with the gateway offering “a way for money and other forms of value to move in and out of the XRP ledger.”
Xago’s withdrawal fees are fixed at ZAR 8.50 while transaction fees vary with market prices. All fees are quoted for customers once an order is placed.
Boosting Financial Inclusion to the Unbanked
Xago said it picked RippleNet for its gateway because the network offers low-cost, secure, transparent, and instant payments to the unbanked, according to a report by TodaysGazette. The move could boost Xago’s goal of increasing access to financial services through technologies such as mobile phones to the unbanked.
According to data from the World Bank, 66 percent of the Sub-Saharan African population does not have access to financial services. However, mobile money is driving financial inclusion in the region with the number of adults holding mobile money accounts doubling to 21 percent. That could mean that mobile phones could be the key to driving financial inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa.
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