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How to Mine Monero Using Your Home Computer: A Beginner’s Guide

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Mine Monero
Image by Monero

Monero is a privacy-focused cryptocurrency that resonates with a large number of users who are disillusioned with the level of financial privacy that public blockchain-based cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin and litecoin offer. Apart from offering users anonymity, Monero mining can be a profitable venture due to its CryptoNote protocol which is resistant to ASICs mining and enables anyone to mine Monero using a CPU.

Introducing Monero

Monero miningLaunched in 2014, Monero (XMR) has a number of features that set it apart from cryptocurrencies. Users are able to enjoy a higher degree of privacy since their balances are not broadcasted on the blockchain as is the case with bitcoin. This is made possible by the use of ring signatures, which operate by mixing a user’s account keys with public keys from the Monero blockchain to create a ring of “signers” and thus shielding users balances on the network.

Furthermore, privacy is also reinforced through stealth addresses to obscure the details of transacting parties. Stealth addresses are one-time addresses, generated randomly on behalf of the buyer on each transaction. This makes transactions on the network untraceable.

Monero Mining

In proof-of-work cryptocurrency networks, mining refers to the process of miners contributing computational power to validate transactions and maintain the network. For instance, bitcoin miners generate hashes to solve complex algorithms to create blocks of validated transactions and include them in the Bitcoin blockchain. For their effort, successful miners are rewarded with new bitcoin. This reward works to incentivise miners to contribute to the processing power of the network.

The algorithms are solved by means of a hash function that produces a result within a certain range. In other words, a hash function takes a measured input and gives out an output of a specified length. In regards to bitcoin, the SHA256 is the hash function used. The hash rate is the computing speed necessary to solve a puzzle in the bitcoin code. The higher the hash rate the more likely a miner can succeed in finding the next block and receiving the reward.

Digmine Monero MinerHaving said that, because of the level of difficulty of finding the correct output, mining can be an expensive and power intensive affair. In the early days of bitcoin mining, you could use a CPU or high-speed video processor cards. Nowadays that is no longer possible. The processing capabilities and high energy requirement needed can only be achieved through specialized ASICs hardware for bitcoin.

The high cost of specialised hardware coupled with the power needed prevents many people from mining bitcoin.

Monero, on the other hand, offers opportunities when it comes to mining. To begin with, since its based on the CryptoNote protocol, you can mine monero on a CPU or using a GPU. The hashing algorithm used in CryptoNote systems is known as ‘CryptoNight’ and was designed to build a more level and decentralised cryptocurrency.

Digital currencies that incorporate the CryptoNight hashing algorithm are AISC resistant, which means they cannot be mined using ASIC hardware. CryptoNight is built to take advantage of AES-Ni instruction, which allows for CPU mining with some of the work done by CryptoNight already being performed by hardware on modern consumer machines.

How to Mine Monero (XMR) on your PC

Monero is one of the few cryptocurrencies where you can still make money mining as an individual. A decent i5 or i7 should still make you a decent return and get you started.

Here is a step by step guide to CPU mining XMR on Windows:

  1. Set up a Monero Wallet: You can use MyMonero.com to create an account and ultimately set up your wallet. Ensure you save the string of words it gives you since that will be your password. Once you obtain this do not forget to copy your Monero address.
  2. Download the Miner and extract xmr-stak-cpu: Use this download link and choose xmr-stak-cpu-win64-zip.
  3. Determine the number of threads you should use: You must first examine how much cache and cores your CPU possesses. For instance, your CPU has 4MB cache and 4 cores. To decide how many threads you require to divide your cache by 2MB. This way you only need 2 threads, which is the result you get after 4MB/2MB. In a different scenario, your CPU has 16MB and 8 cores. The assumption would be you require 8 threads, which is not the case. If the number of threads you need to use is equal to the number of cores you subtract one. You can still work with 7 threads since it is not necessary to use all the cores and that is why we subtract one.
  4. Edit the config file: Here is an example of a config file. The threads you plan to use will be placed in the section under ‘cpu_threads_conf’ The file limit is seven threads so feel free to remove any you deem necessary. Also, remember to switch the wallet address at the bottom, to your wallet’s address.
  5. Load Huge Pages: In the config file you will notice a section showing how to allow huge pages on Windows.
  6. Execute XMR-STAK-CPU: Browse your xmr-stak-cpu folder and start up the ‘xmr-stak-cpu’ executable file. You are now mining XMR on your CPU.

As you can see from this guide, It is relatively to get started with mining Monero as you do not requite expensive mining hardware as is the case of bitcoin. Moreover, Monero has established itself as the leading privacy coin and has cemented its spot in the top 20 largest cryptocurrencies. That means it has a lot of upside price potential which could boost your Monero mining profits.

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Swiss Franc-backed Cryptocurrency Will Be Issued in Switzerland

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Swiss Franc-backed Cryptocurrency

Swiss company Alprockz AG announced the development of a new financial tool, the ROCKZ stable coin, according to the official press release. The new asset will be issued on the Ethereum platform and backed by the Swiss franc.

ROCKZ has no difference from the rest of the stable cryptocurrencies: its rate does not demonstrate the volatility, unlike that of Bitcoin or Ethereum, it is stable as traditional money, and at the same time supports the speed of digital currency transactions. The most important difference of this coin is that it is backed by the Swiss franc. From now on, Swiss funds may start going into the crypto market much faster. The company’s press release also states that it will store 90 percent of reserve funds in CHF banknotes in Swiss high-security bank depositories. Another 10 percent will be placed in various Swiss banks to provide sufficient liquidity.

Swiss Franc-backed cryptocurrencyThus, ROCKZ eliminates the main drawbacks of cryptocurrencies and creates a buffer between digital assets and the traditional economy. The developers of the new coin have also considered the mistakes of Tether (a stablecoin, backed by USD).

“ROCKZ will replace Tether as the major pair used to take profits and stay in cash by crypto investors. Technically and legally superiority – this is what we have achieved. You can’t beat us there, you can only copy us,” said the ROCKZ founder, Yassine Ben Hamida.

Representatives of Alprockz AG are planning to publish monthly financial reports, which will contain all the information – from the volume of emission to the names of banks in which the fiat is stored – ensuring the stability of ROCKZ. In the fourth quarter of 2018, Alprockz AG will launch the ICO.

After receiving funding, the company will deploy the infrastructure for interacting with banks and developing new financial products – stable coins, secured by the euro and the South Korean won.

On September 10, 2018, the launch of stable coins backed by the US dollar was also reported by the Winklevoss brothers and the Paxos company.

*Readers should do their own due diligence before taking any actions related to the company, product or service. BitcoinAfrica.io is not responsible, directly or indirectly, for any loss or damage caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, product or service mentioned in this guest post.*

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Gold-Backed Cryptocurrency OneGram to Launch in South Africa

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OneGram South Africa

Gold-backed cryptocurrency OneGram has entered the South African market to offer investors the possibility to invest in tokenised gold and to diversify away from more volatile cryptographic assets.

The cryptographic asset markets have been in a heavy bear market for most of 2018. Unsurprisingly, therefore, stablecoins and asset-backed coins have gained in popularity as they can be used by investors to store their funds during a market downtrend.

OneGram – A Gold-backed Cryptocurrency

OneGram South Africa

Most cryptocurrencies lack the backing of a tangible asset or collateral, leaving their value up to market forces. It has been debated whether solving the “volatility issue” of cryptocurrencies will increase investor confidence in digital assets, and by extension, increase adoption by the mass market. The OneGram team has embarked on the journey to create an asset-backed token that could test this thesis.

OneGram was co-founded by Ibrahim Mohammed to become the first digital coin backed by gold reserves as well as provide full compliancy with Shariah law.

OneGram uses a proof of stake consensus mechanism, whereby the token holders with a greater stake are responsible for verification and appendage of transactions to the blockchain. There is no mining on the blockchain platform. Instead, stakeholders are incentivised to act in the best interests of the network to continue earning new coins for staking.

Since its release in January 2017, it has reportedly been adopted by over 100,000 investors in 88 countries, and it has raised over $400 million in its initial coin offering. Significant interest has been shown in Africa, particularly in South Africa, Kenya, and Nigeria, as it offers investors a strong incentive to invest in a cryptocurrency without the risks of volatility that have marked other crypto assets.

A 1 percent fee is charged on every transaction on the platform. 70 percent of the fee goes to buying gold, thereby ensuring that there will be sufficient reserve of gold to back the cryptocurrency. 30 percent of the fee goes to the maintenance of the network, such that 2.5 percent is allocated to OneGram Foundation, a charitable organisation and another 2.5 percent to the validators; and 25 percent is the network’s profit.

Optimism

OneGram founder Ibrahim Mohammed is confident about the cryptocurrency, expressing optimism about it, its potentially increasing demand in Africa and the future of regulation for cryptocurrencies. The company chose Shariah compliance, for its strength in protecting investors’ rights. They envision setting an example for other blockchain platforms in creating optimal regulations and policies for digital assets, thereby making it easier for investors to adopt these alternative avenues of investment.

Mohammed hopes that the future will be asset-backed, in order to ease the onboarding of regulators, who have been struggling to provide guidelines and standards for cryptocurrencies.

*Readers should do their own due diligence before taking any actions related to the company, product or service. BitcoinAfrica.io is not responsible, directly or indirectly, for any loss or damage caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, product or service mentioned in this article.*

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SocialFlow’s Universal Attention Token Aims to Help Publishers Monetise Their Social Media Posts

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Universal Attention Token

Socialflow is launching a cryptocurrency-based social media engagement compensation solution called the Universal Attention Token (UAT). The token will ensure that publishers on social media such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter are compensated for their engagement on these platforms.

How Will Universal Attention Token (UAT) Work?

Universal Attention TokenThe Universal Attention Token (UAT) is being built on the Stellar Network and will serve as the accounting mechanism for the documentation of users’ activities across various social networks. Since Steller is a public blockchain network, a very transparent and auditable ledger of user activities is kept on the network.

SocialFlow is a social monetisation and distribution platform with 51 million clients cutting across several nations, generating about 1.1 trillion post reach per year.

Publishers on the SocialFlow “UAT” ecosystem will be able to monetise their reach on social media. With “UAT” tokens all those involved in the network (Publishers, Users, and Advertisers) will have a more transparent and well-distributed wealth-sharing formula.

“For too long, digital advertising has been a terrible deal for those who create the content. The UAT ecosystem will change that by compensating Publishers more fairly for the content they publish to platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram,” said SocialFlow CEO Jim Anderson in a press release. 

UAT Token Pre-Sale

SocialFlow has plans to fund the “UAT” economy with the sales of aggregate SocialFlow security tokens and a pre-sale of the Simple Agreement for Future Equity (SAFE) all amounting to about $25 million. The pre-sale of the token is currently ongoing and it is only accessible to accredited investors. The ERC20 token is being sold directly from the StartEngine platform.

The raised funds from the sale of these tokens will be used for initial compensation of publishers and then for development of the platform for a better user experience.

 

*Readers should do their own due diligence before taking any actions related to the company, product or service. BitcoinAfrica.io is not responsible, directly or indirectly, for any loss or damage caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, product or service mentioned in this article.*

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