After two years of hard work, the Conflux Network will be officially launched. Here, we provide a detailed overview of our path to mainnet.
Unlike most of the peers, Conflux designed a three-phase launch plan to roll out the functionalities and the features step-by-step. The reasons for such a design are two-fold.
Firstly, to guarantee the network stability in the early stage and to shake out all the bugs of major functionalities, e.g. in the Conflux cross-chain protocol. Secondly, Conflux targets to bring applications and meaningful transactions onto the network along with each of the three phases, so that by Phase III, there will be an established Conflux ecosystem, instead of an empty network.
Conflux believes such a three-phase design is a healthier approach for the network as well as for the whole industry in the long run.
Phase I — Pontus
In Phase Pontus, the Conflux Decentralized Finance (DeFi) Solution will be launched.
Conflux Network, a high-performance PoW public protocol, is by nature one of the most suitable ground layer solutions for the DeFi ecosystem.
In order to push the development of our DeFi ecosystem, our technical team has developed a cross-chain protocol — ShuttleFlow. The cross-chain protocol provides the user with a secure, efficient and convenient way to bridge their assets across various chains.
In the beginning, Conflux and our ecosystem partners will form a cross-chain custodian alliance to securely map various mainstream assets like BTC, ETH, or USDT onto the Conflux chain by using multi-signature technology. The Conflux Foundation will reward the assets brought onto the Conflux Network and at the same time, compensate users in case they lose their assets due to technical problems or bugs in the cross-chain protocol.
In the early stages of the Shuttleflow cross-chain protocol, we’ll be inviting members of the cross-chain custodian alliance by invitation. It will also include current Conflux ecosystem partners, a well-known cryptocurrency wallet, custodian service, and stable-coin providers.
The list of the alliance members and multi-signature custodian contracts will be public and for everyone to monitor at all times. As the cross-chain alliance will grow and evolve, it will gradually move towards an autonomous operation and provide more services to the users.
Besides Shuttleflow, Conflux community developers (shoutout to Justin and Sophia) and the Conflux team have jointly created the decentralized transaction protocol — BoomFlow.
BoomFlow features instant exchange contracts and a high-frequency matching engine to ensure smooth and highly efficient operations and services based on decentralized exchanges (DEX) built on the Conflux Network.
Operators and service providers can connect with the BoomFlow protocol in a permissionless manner, and use an API interface to customize their own cost parameters, develop a personalized and user-friendly interface, and adopt a unique user operation strategy.
In Pontus, along with the DeFi solution, we’ll also be launching the first Decentralized Exchange DApp — MoonDex.
MoonDex is developed and presented by the Cross-chain Alliance member, DAppBirds.
The MoonDex project was kicked off several months ago and the development and operation are all on track. Together with the DAppBirds team, we are building a Decentralized Exchange with the same level of user experience as a centralized exchange.
MoonDex will be unfolded in mid-April.
Conflux Fans Coin will be used as an exchange medium in the MoonDex during the Phase Pontus. All the Conflux community members and FC holders are encouraged to experience the MoonDex platform.
During the phase Pontus, Conflux Foundation will make sure that the users will not suffer asset loss caused by technological issues. If the network misbehaves or experiences other technical issues that perhaps result in asset loss, Conflux Foundation will compensate for the value of difference.
In essence: A decentralized exchange in the Conflux network provides liquidity for the underlying assets of the blockchain and utilizes the high performance of the Conflux network to provide traffic for the application layer from the very beginning.
Phase II — Oceanus
In Phase Oceanus, we’ll be focusing on mining and the PoW algorithm.
In the first half of this phase, we will organize several mining campaigns, from mid-scale (hundreds of participants) to large-scale (thousands of participants), to further verify the stability of the network.
Up to this point, the mining algorithm we use will still be SHA256. Although the coins mined from this period of time are not official CFX, Conflux Foundation has allocated a generous budget for these campaigns to encourage more participants to contribute to the network computing power and security.
In the second half of the phase, once we are sure of network security, network stability, and sufficient network contributors, we will migrate to the official Conflux PoW mining algorithm.
In pace with the raising of computing power and network security, we expect to see more mainstream assets, like BTC and ETH, to be accumulated on-chain from MoonDex and from the Conflux ShuttleFlow. The Conflux ShuttleFlow itself will kick off the integration with the Bitpie wallet as the first Instant Exchange wallet on Conflux.
During Phase Oceanus, we will be focusing on an all-around pilot run around the mining algorithm, DApps, Dex, and other DeFi products with our ecosystem partners. The network features and functions will be gradually released to the community in order to increase the level of decentralization while maintaining high-levels of system security and performance throughout the network. This will ensure that the team’s focus and attention will not be affected too much by the secondary market fluctuation.
For the Phase Oceanus, we call out for all Conflux community members to participate in our mining activities, as well as, our existing and potential ecosystem partners, especially DeFi teams, to join us to start the product design and development.
Phase III — Tethys
This will be the final and fully functional Mainnet of the Conflux Network.
The swap between FC and CFX will officially start. Conflux ShuttleFlow will open up to applications from this point onwards. The Conflux Foundation will also have an Ecosystem Development Plan in place to facilitate an extensive ecosystem.
There are currently 11 alliance members. In the beginning period, The Conflux Foundation will decide on the selection of the alliance members. Once the alliance is stable, Conflux Foundation will gradually fade out from an acting role and leave the alliance in the form of DAO.
The whole design of the launch plan took months of deliberation. The Conflux team and many peers within the industry have witnessed many renowned projects launching their mainnet with a big gesture and even bigger expectations, but with barely any real movement or progress after that.
We always appraise and pursue high performance of blockchain systems. The blockchain world has witnessed many projects claiming to achieve hundreds or even thousands of TPS but only utilizing a fraction of the claim when the mainnet actually launches (several thousand transactions per day, not per second).
Conflux’s major breakthrough is high performance under PoW. We have more reasons, as we endeavor further, to avoid such a situation for the Conflux Network mainnet launch.
Conflux’s efforts revolve around pushing the industry one step further. Built on that, the three-phase launch plan can and will assist Conflux to have a network with meaningful transactions, necessary applications, sufficient contributors, and a primarily established ecosystem by Phase III — Tethys.
In the course of this journey, the Conflux team welcomes and encourages all of our community members, ecosystem partners, and other interested parties to join us.
In Phase I — Pontus, community members, and other FC holders are welcomed to experience a new, enhanced Dex platform. In Phase II — Oceanus, we encourage the Conflux community and other mining communities to participate in our assorted mining activities. In addition, the technology integration with our existing partners, oracle solution, layer-2 solution, and other undergoing DApps, will take place in this stage. Developers and miners are highly encouraged to follow the latest updates of Conflux and to reach out for more information. Once we are at Phase III — Tethys, Conflux will present not just a mainnet, but a formed ecosystem.
Disclaimer: This is a paid sponsored post. Readers should do their own due diligence before taking any actions related to any company, product or service mentioned in this article. BitcoinAfrica.io is not responsible, directly or indirectly, for any loss or damage caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, product or service mentioned in this sponsored post.
Problems Nigerians Face With Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies
Nigeria is ranked as Africa’s largest country with the most crypto traders and ranks third globally. The country accounts for the largest volume of cryptocurrency transactions outside the United States. In the last six months, it has been recorded that about 35% of the Nigerian population has traded cryptocurrency.
As encouraging as these numbers may be, Nigeria, as an environment, has been very unfriendly to cryptocurrency and its related aspects. Last year, the Central Bank of Nigeria ordered all commercial banks and lenders to stop transactions or operations in cryptocurrencies, citing a significant threat to the country’s financial system.
The ban on cryptocurrency in Nigeria was big negativity to the Nigerian youth, especially knowing that over 50 million of the population are involved in cryptocurrency. During this time, a lot of crypto trading platforms were shut down in the country. Also, many bank accounts suspected of dealing with cryptocurrency were locked, including their funds.
Even today (as of May 27, 2022), any bank transaction with a description or notes of “crypto,” “bitcoin,” “P2P,” or any crypto-related words will be locked away alongside the account(s).
The unfriendly treatment of cryptocurrency in the country is alarming. In the plight of making a positive solution, the community led to adopting systems where crypto traders could trade cryptocurrency without involving the bank.
Top 4 Problems Nigerians Face When Dealing with Cryptocurrency
Where to Buy or Sell Cryptocurrencies
Today, finding the right crypto trading platform that works for you significantly can be frustrating. Many cryptocurrency exchanges came into existence to aid in safer cryptocurrency transactions in the country. In this plight, some fraudulent platforms were made in disguise to exploit money from crypto investors. How would Nigerian crypto traders know which platform is genuine or not? With some checklists for selecting the best crypto exchange in Nigeria, you will be given key guidelines on how to choose the best place to sell bitcoin in Nigeria.
Speed of Transactions
A fast crypto transaction is important as the speed of cryptocurrency may block. Most times, transactions take hours to complete. Ideally, crypto transactions on regular crypto trading platforms take between 10 minutes to one hour. Surprisingly, some take over 5 hours. However, a few crypto transactions can take less than five minutes, depending on the app. In cases where we need transactions done quickly, or we accept crypto payments for your business, how do we intend to confirm payment before allowing customers to take their products? Should the customer wait for hours?
The speed of transactions has been a damaging factor for most Nigerian crypto traders. This has been a reason why many Nigerian companies find it difficult to accept cryptocurrency as payment options for their businesses.
High and Inconsistent Fees
Crypto transaction fees are another issue many Nigerians face. To really compare the best options for you, you have to look at the fees before and after conversion. What are the withdrawal fees, processing fees, and receiving fees,… These fees cause a huge discouragement in crypto trading in the country.
It is saddening that many Nigerian crypto traders cannot make transactions because many of these crypto trading apps have put some limits on how much they can withdraw, receive, buy or sell. This breaches the purpose of cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency has made it easy for people to send money from one place to another without a barrier. Why should I not be able to receive my funds because it is below your limit for withdrawal?
Limitations have made many Nigerians lose interest in cryptocurrency or lose their cryptos.
These factors, alongside many others, have caused the trading of cryptocurrency in Nigeria very difficult.
How Breet Solves Some of the Issues Nigerians Face in Cryptocurrency
Breet is an OTC crypto exchange platform that allows users and businesses who simply want to receive crypto and get a flat equivalent of their coin to convert their crypto to cash money immediately.
With Breet’s over-the-counter system, you are saved from the hassle of boring explanations of what and how crypto works and tedious illustrations of cryptocurrency market charts. Breet enables users to securely convert and withdraw their crypto coin to cash money in less than five(5) minutes without the use of peer-to-peer trading or any third-party agent.
Breet is a revolutionary new way to convert and withdraw your crypto coin without the need for peer-to-peer trading or any third-party agent. With just one click, you can have cash money in hand within five minutes.
With Breet, you can sell your cryptocurrency in less than 5 minutes. This is an incredible feature on its own, meaning businesses can now accept cryptocurrencies as payment options without having their customers wait for hours to confirm payment.
Breet is also completely free. There are no hidden charges, no withdrawal fees, no processing fees and no receiving fees. There are zero charges with Breet. Breet’s free usage solves the issue of high and inconsistent charges for many Nigerian crypto traders.
There is no limitation to how much you can receive or withdraw on Breet. You don’t have to have about 10,000 Naira worth of cryptocurrency before you can withdraw. You can even withdraw as low as 100 Naira with Breet Exchange.
Breet is simple, free and certified. There is not much sugar coating to tell before believing that Breet is, arguably, the best crypto trading platform in Nigeria currently. The incredible reviews on the Breet app give perfect evidence.
What more do you need? If not, a crypto exchange that makes crypto transactions easy and makes people happy. You should become a Breet user by downloading Breet mobile app available on all Android and iPhone devices.
Remember being a crypto trader in Nigeria can be challenging. This is why it is important for you to learn more about cryptocurrency and the latest news by doing your own research.
Ethereum Timeline: Shift to Proof of Stake
The much-anticipated transition of the Ethereum network from proof-of-work (PoW) to proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus is finally taking place. The adaptation of PoS has always been the plan and a vital part of scaling Ethereum by future upgrades. However, abruptly shifting to PoS can pose significant technical and community challenges that are not as simple as using PoW to achieve network consensus. Having said that, what exactly are PoS and PoW?
Proof of Work
Proof-of-work (PoW) is a consensus algorithm that allows for the secure, decentralised verification of transactions on a blockchain. In a PoW system, miners are responsible for verifying and committing transactions to the blockchain. During the verification process, miners compete against each other to solve complex cryptographic puzzles. The first miner to solve the puzzle is rewarded with cryptocurrency, and the transaction is added to the blockchain.
Reasons To Shift From Proof of Work
The Ethereum ecosystem has evolved at an astounding rate in the last year. This growth was primarily due to a significant emergence and explosion of NFTs and Decentralised Finance (DeFi) initiatives. While the change-over was imminent, some factors to be considered for the same are:
- The PoW consensus protocol requires users to utilise significant computational power to validate transactions and add new blocks to the network.
- Users who devote their computational resources to the shared ledger are miners.
- These miners are rewarded with Ether tokens in exchange for the computing power they have supplied to the network.
- With PoW consensus, Ethereum takes up to 113 terawatt-hours of electricity in a year. According to Digiconomist, it is more than the total electricity consumption of the Netherlands per year.
- The current Ethereum transaction with PoW consensus takes up energy equivalent to the consumption of one week of energy of an average US household.
With so many downsides to its cap, PoW has many advantages, which is one of the main reasons it has been a reliable consensus for so long. The PoW consensus has been robust and secure all these years. But the consensus can be utilised by a cryptocurrency with a massive valuation and relatively simple use case, such as the bitcoin. With the amount of energy and power involved, it becomes difficult for individuals to meddle with a high valuation asset.
Proof of Stake
The consensus protocol Proof-of-stake (PoS) has been introduced to address the issue of over-mining. Proof of stake (PoS) is critical to understand because it could eventually replace the proof of work (PoW) consensus mechanism that is currently used by most cryptocurrencies.
“PoS is a way to achieve decentralised consensus without using energy-intensive mining. It is an alternative to the more common proof of work algorithm. With PoS, a cryptocurrency’s blockchain is secured by its token holders who are required to lock up their tokens as stake and not by miners equipped with powerful hardware. It’s an energy-efficient, cost-effective and therefore, a popular choice for crypto giants like Ethereum,” states Dev Sharma, CEO of Blockwiz, a crypto marketing agency.
In contrast to PoW, in which the individual who completes the mathematical proof first is rewarded with new coins, with PoS, no new coins are created.
Benefits of Proof of Stake Consensus
Proof-of-stake introduces several enhancements over the PoS mechanism:
- Improved resource proficiency – you don’t need as many energy mining blocks.
- Minimal entry barriers, lower hardware requirements – Even if you don’t possess top-tier hardware, you still get ample opportunities to participate in the creation of blocks.
- More excellent resistance to centralization – PoS would imminently facilitate the generation of more nodes.
- Staking facilitates the operation of a node. It does not necessitate significant expenditure on equipment purchases or resources, and if you lack the ETH token to stake, you cannot participate in staking pools.
- Staking consensus enables reliable sharding. Shards enable Ethereum to generate new blocks simultaneously, leading to enhanced throughput of transactions.
- In a PoW mechanism, sharding the chain would reduce the amount of energy required to modify a particular network section.
In a Nutshell
Proof of stake (PoS) is a type of algorithm used by cryptocurrencies to determine who gets to create new blocks on the blockchain. PoS works by requiring users to lock up some of their currency in a smart contract called a stake. In return, they are given the right to validate blocks on the network and earn rewards.
The advantage of PoS is that it doesn’t require the massive energy consumption that PoW does. This non-dependency on massive energy utilisation makes it more environmentally friendly. It reduces the risk of centralisation since few users would be able to control the majority of the currency. Therefore, it’s no wonder that Ethereum is making the much-anticipated switch.
Amber Group March Recap 2022: Here’s What Happened
Named one of CB Insights’ 2022 Blockchain 50, an annual ranking of the most promising blockchain and crypto companies in the world.
Announced the appointment of Ehsan Haque as the General Counsel for Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) region.
CEO Michael Wu was selected as a recipient of the “Top 100 CEOs in Innovation Award 2022” by Word Biz Magazine.
Product Development and Partnerships
Participated in Mina Foundation’s token sale, EthSign’s seed round, and Zecrey protocol’s angel round.
In the News
World Biz Magazine: Michael Wu, CEO of Amber Group – interview WBM Top 100 Innovation CEO.
Medium: Non-fungible trends.
Events and Media Appearances
CEO Michael Wu joined Forkast News to discuss crypto’s consumer adoption and what’s next for crypto.
CEO Michael Wu joined CNBC Street Signs Asia to share how Amber Group seeks a balance between regulation and crypto development.
CEO Michael Wu gave an interview with Economist Impact at Technology for Change Week on how to stay ahead of the curve in the fintech space.
Managing Partner Annabelle Huang joined Economist Impact’s Asia Trade Week to discuss the future of crypto as payment in Asia.
Managing Partner Annabelle Huang joined Avalanche Summit to discuss the opportunities and challenges in DeFi.
Managing Partner Annabelle Huang joined Goldman Sach’s panel discussion on “Digital assets – Investing in the future” to celebrate International Women’s Day.
Managing Partner Annabelle Huang gave a guest lecture on DeFi and Web3 for the International Finance class at Singapore Management University.
Managing Partner Annabelle Huang joined the DIG FIN VOX podcast to talk about Amber Group’s move to Singapore and into retail.
CSO Dimitrios Kavvathas joined Blockchain Africa Conference 2022 to discuss institutional investment in crypto.
CSO Dimitrios Kavvathas joined FinTech Festival India at a panel discussion on “De-Fi – A better solution for peer-to-peer lending”.
CSO Dimitrios Kavvathas joined the World Blockchain Summit in Dubai at a panel discussion on “Fostering the global crypto ecosystem”.
Europe Managing Director Sophia Shluger delivered a keynote speech on digital wealth at Blockchain Africa Conference 2022.
Europe Managing Director Sophia Shluger joined the CryptoCompare Summit in London to discuss the building blocks of the new digital economy.
Europe Managing Director Sophia Shluger joined the FundFocus Europe 2022 conference to discuss the foundation for the widespread institutional adoption of cryptocurrency.
Latin America Managing Director Nicole Pabello joined the Ethereum Rio conference to discuss the LATAM Ecosystem in the world.
Institutional Sales Director Justin d’Anethan joined EmergentX’s Annual Digital Asset Summit to discuss the institutionalizing of the digital asset industry.
Managing Director Ben Radclyffe joined Credit Suisse’s Asian Investment Conference to discuss the spillovers between crypto and equity markets.
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