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AI and Blockchain-Powered Project CareAi Could Improve Healthcare in Africa

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CareAi

CareAi is a project of the Joint Research Centre from the European Commission that has the potential to improve healthcare services in Africa through the use of artificial intelligence and blockchain technology.

The open-source solution provides intelligent and anonymous healthcare and can diagnose diseases like typhoid fever, malaria, and tuberculosis within seconds through the use of AI. The aim of the project is to reach out to undocumented migrants, ethnic minorities, and populations secluded from healthcare systems. The anonymous nature of CareAi also allows patients such as migrants to receive a diagnosis without worrying about deportation.

How It Works

CareAi is a machine featuring a finger prick and a lab-on-a-chip technology initiated by a Harvard University chemistry professor called George Whitesides.

To receive a diagnosis, a patient will have their finger pricked and the blood sample is deposited on the chip, put in the machine, and anonymised. Once this is done, CareAi’s AI-powered health assistant analyses the sample by referencing it to a wide range of medical and diagnosing data and then displays the results on a screen and provides a printout for the same.

The results come with actions that the user should take such as getting a prescription from partner chemists or seeing a participating NGO doctor that provides anonymous treatment and who can claim back payment for services rendered.

Additionally, CareAi correlates medical data with records of academic data and journals anonymously. The anonymised data is securely stored on the blockchain while smart contracts manage the rights, permission, and access to the stored health data.

Organisations use a distributed app to access the data through smart contracts. For instance, if a government wants to access the stored data for policy purposes, it has to buy tokens called CareAi Points. These tokens are then used to pay the participating healthcare NGOs and for machine maintenance.

According to a Medium article by Lucas Lorenzo, these points can propel “economic interactions in the form of a valued currency, locally and at scale; exchanging economic value and intelligent healthcare feedback for anonymised data.”

The Possible Applications of CareAi in Africa

CareAiAlthough CareAi targets refugee camps in Europe, the technology could also make a positive impact on the African continent according to the founder of cloud-based health records platform Medcera, Ndubuisi Ekekwe. He believes:

“[…] Products like CareAi could become catalytic when they begin to penetrate into villages and cities across the continent. If AI systems could handle some of the minor healthcare issues, the available healthcare professionals could focus on the most difficult issues.”

Ekekwe also says AI systems, such as CareAi, can enhance drug prescriptions where the medical history of a person is entered into the system. This enables the AI system to confidently prescribe drugs and connect the patient to the right pharmacy.

However, he notes that although AI and blockchain technology could change the healthcare systems in Africa, nations must invest in other areas such as training more healthcare professionals and installing electricity and clean water in all healthcare facilities. He also believes that the challenge of inadequate data has to be solved for AI to have a future on the continent.

Blockchain Technology

What to Expect at the Blockchain Africa Conference 2019

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Blockchain Africa Conference 2019

The Blockchain Africa Conference is scheduled to take place in Johannesburg between February 28 to March 1, 2019, and in Cape Town on March 6, 2019.

What to Expect at the Conference?

Currently, in its fifth edition, the Blockchain Africa Conference is an annual event that is organised by Bitcoin Events. The three-day event will see more than 800 plus delegates listen to more than 50 speakers from around the world.

Given that the African continent has a lot of challenges with doing business, the conference seeks to explore how blockchain technology can be used by different industries as well as organisations to streamline systems and processes to improve Africa.

As Bitcoin Events has organised two different conferences in two of the most popular cities in South Africa, attendees should expect a myriad of offerings. The three-day Johannesburg conference will focus more on “blockchain enterprise development, blockchain use-cases, self-sovereign identity, enterprise blockchain in finance, the future of banking, as well as challenges facing blockchain technology such as interoperability and scalability.”

Blockchain Africa Conference

The one-day Cape Town conference will focus on how the blockchain and digital currencies can be utilised to attain the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals for economic growth and social inclusion by facilitating and enhancing access to a broad range of financial services that are crucial in the achievement of Africa’s economic growth as well as long-term poverty reduction.

The speakers lined up for the Cape Town conference will focus on how blockchain technology can be utilised for new social projects in different areas like decentralised services for identity, patient records, remittances, healthcare support, renewable energy, provision and distribution of aid and support, and community currencies, among other areas.

Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain and Impact Training Course

artificial intelligenceAttendees of the Blockchain Africa Conference in both cities will also be able to take part in a two-day training session on blockchain technology and artificial intelligence (AI). For this, Bitcoin Events has partnered with Intelligent Impact and Blockchain Academy to offer the practical course that is meant for enterprises, development organisations, non-profits, corporates, governments and investment firms. Participants who attend the course will also be introduced to a wide range of emerging technologies.

List of Speakers

Bitcoin Events has selected a panel of speakers who are well-known globally for their contribution to the bitcoin and blockchain technology space. For both the Johannesburg and Cape Town conference, speakers lined up for the conference are people who have had their careers in the crypto space since it was started.

The list of Johannesburg speakers include:

  • Farzham Ehsani, CEO and Co-Founder of VALR.com – Master of Ceremonies
  • Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director of Hyperledger Project – Keynote Speaker
  • Charlene Chen, Co-Founder and Chief Operating Officer at BitPesa
  • Mandla Magagula, Blockchain Consultant at Rand Merchant Bank
  • Tanya Knowles, Chair of the South African Financial Blockchain Consortium
  • Ntuthuko Bhengu, Health Expert on the SA National Planning Commission and a Chartered Director (SA)

The list of Cape Town speakers include:

  • Didi Sehume, Project Lead and Strategist at Hume Est/ MC & Moderator – Master of Ceremonies
  • Marcus Swanepoel, Co-Founder and CEO of Luno
  • Monica Singer, Creator of Opportunities at ConsenSys
  • Kwame Rugunda, Chairman of the Blockchain Association of Uganda
  • Simon Dingle, CEO of Inves Capital, South Africa Radio Presenter
  • Lorien Gamaroff, Founder/CEO of Bankymoon and Co-Founder/CEO of CentBee

Get Your Ticket

From 2014, the Blockchain Africa Conference has been known to bring together thought leaders, entrepreneurs, and industry leaders to discuss the future of the blockchain and crypto in the African continent.

Tickets are already on sale. You can purchase your Johannesburg ticket here or for Cape Town here.

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Blockchain Technology

Africa Blockchain Alliance Joins Hands with ConsenSys Academy to Offer Blockchain Developer Program in Africa

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ConsenSys Academy

The Africa Blockchain Alliance (ABA), headquartered in South Africa, has joined hands with ConsenSys Academy to offer a blockchain developer program in Africa. The aim of the program is to produce highly-skilled Ethereum developers in response to the high demand for blockchain experts worldwide.

The Blockchain Developer Program

ConsenSys Academy focuses on promoting Ethereum education globally while the Africa Blockchain Alliance focuses on policy advocacy and facilitating awareness in blockchain technology. The blockchain developer program, which will be offered online, will begin on March 1, 2019, and will run for three months.

The program will include fresh and improved content created from the feedback of former ConsenSys graduates. It will cover smart contract development, DApp development, best security practices, and Ethereum concepts.

Participants will undertake the course for about ten to fifteen hours per week inclusive of four to five quizzes and a project. Once graduates have successfully completed the program and the project, they will receive certificates on the Ethereum blockchain.

ConsenSys AcademyThe Africa Blockchain Alliance in conjunction with its network of partners will provide support through meetups, community events, mentors, and in-person sessions in hand-picked African cities.

The founder of the Africa Blockchain Alliance Ben Onuoha stated:

“I am particularly excited about this initiative as this is our contribution to helping bridge the global blockchain knowledge gap in order to help meet the demand for blockchain developers as well as creating more diversity in the blockchain world. This program also has the potential to create employment for the graduates. Finally, blockchain expertise in Africa owned by Africans to deliver blockchain solutions is lacking and we are excited to be leading the charge in this regard.”

Registration

The blockchain developer program is open to both individuals and organisations from anywhere in Africa. Registration for the program can be done on the Africa Blockchain Alliance’s website.

Learners are required to have a stable Internet connection and a computer running the latest versions of Linux, Mac OS X, or Windows.

The Benefits of the Blockchain Developer Program

The graduates of this program will benefit in various ways such as gaining the opportunity to work for global companies, getting mentorship from developers in the Ethereum ecosystem, and becoming certified blockchain developers.

The program will also enable organisations to create blockchain developer expertise in-house, work on ideated use cases, and access certified and experienced blockchain developers.

The blockchain developer program comes at a time when African countries are reacting positively to blockchain technology with the plan to use it in various sectors. Therefore, this program could provide the talent pool African countries need to implement the blockchain.

If you want to learn more about blockchain development, you can check out our guide on ‘How to Become a Blockchain Developer‘ and our review of the best blockchain online courses.

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Blockchain Technology

Ugandan Coffee Exporter is Putting Coffee on the Blockchain

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Uganda Coffee Blockhain

Ugandan coffee exporter Carico Café Connoisseur is now using the blockchain to verify shipments of its coffee. This move comes from a rise in demand by consumers wanting to know the origins of their products.

Finding Your Roots

According to a report by Business Day, coffee company Carico Café Connoisseur has started to track its shipments using blockchain technology. Mwambu Wanendeya, the CEO of Carico Café Connoisseur, stated that ‘Bugisu Blue,’ which arrived in South Africa last December, was a blockchain-certified shipment.

With blockchain certification, coffee lovers are able to follow the steps the coffee goes through using their smartphones. They can do this by scanning the QR codes or via a certification platform called Provenance.

Uganda Coffee BlockchainWanendeya says: “The idea is to give the consumer an appreciation of what happens on the journey and also to ensure that there are more linkages with the farmer. Traceability is important because people are increasingly concerned that […] farmers get rewarded for their work.”

From when farmers drop off their coffee at the collection centres to warehousing, to inspection by regulators and shipping, everything is recorded. This means that coffee drinkers can receive information such as the type of coffee bean they are drinking, their harvest year and which country it originates from.

Carico Café is already working with two farmer cooperatives with hundreds of members. This revolutionary move, Wanendeya thinks, could boost the farmers’ income by ten percent.

As he put it,

“Consumers are willing to pay more if they know where exactly the coffee is coming from.”

Currently, Uganda eagerly wants to increase their exports from current levels, which is good news for coffee farmers. Uganda is Africa’s largest exporter of coffee according to the International Coffee Organisation.

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