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AI and Blockchain-Powered Project CareAi Could Improve Healthcare in Africa

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CareAi

CareAi is a project of the Joint Research Centre from the European Commission that has the potential to improve healthcare services in Africa through the use of artificial intelligence and blockchain technology.

The open-source solution provides intelligent and anonymous healthcare and can diagnose diseases like typhoid fever, malaria, and tuberculosis within seconds through the use of AI. The aim of the project is to reach out to undocumented migrants, ethnic minorities, and populations secluded from healthcare systems. The anonymous nature of CareAi also allows patients such as migrants to receive a diagnosis without worrying about deportation.

How It Works

CareAi is a machine featuring a finger prick and a lab-on-a-chip technology initiated by a Harvard University chemistry professor called George Whitesides.

To receive a diagnosis, a patient will have their finger pricked and the blood sample is deposited on the chip, put in the machine, and anonymised. Once this is done, CareAi’s AI-powered health assistant analyses the sample by referencing it to a wide range of medical and diagnosing data and then displays the results on a screen and provides a printout for the same.

The results come with actions that the user should take such as getting a prescription from partner chemists or seeing a participating NGO doctor that provides anonymous treatment and who can claim back payment for services rendered.

Additionally, CareAi correlates medical data with records of academic data and journals anonymously. The anonymised data is securely stored on the blockchain while smart contracts manage the rights, permission, and access to the stored health data.

Organisations use a distributed app to access the data through smart contracts. For instance, if a government wants to access the stored data for policy purposes, it has to buy tokens called CareAi Points. These tokens are then used to pay the participating healthcare NGOs and for machine maintenance.

According to a Medium article by Lucas Lorenzo, these points can propel “economic interactions in the form of a valued currency, locally and at scale; exchanging economic value and intelligent healthcare feedback for anonymised data.”

The Possible Applications of CareAi in Africa

CareAiAlthough CareAi targets refugee camps in Europe, the technology could also make a positive impact on the African continent according to the founder of cloud-based health records platform Medcera, Ndubuisi Ekekwe. He believes:

“[…] Products like CareAi could become catalytic when they begin to penetrate into villages and cities across the continent. If AI systems could handle some of the minor healthcare issues, the available healthcare professionals could focus on the most difficult issues.”

Ekekwe also says AI systems, such as CareAi, can enhance drug prescriptions where the medical history of a person is entered into the system. This enables the AI system to confidently prescribe drugs and connect the patient to the right pharmacy.

However, he notes that although AI and blockchain technology could change the healthcare systems in Africa, nations must invest in other areas such as training more healthcare professionals and installing electricity and clean water in all healthcare facilities. He also believes that the challenge of inadequate data has to be solved for AI to have a future on the continent.

Blockchain Technology

Blockchain Becomes Discussion Point on Nigeria’s 2019 Political Agency

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Blockchain Becomes Discussion Point

Nigeria’s People’s Democratic Party (PDP) presidential aspirant, Atiku Abubakar, has announced his intentions to develop a blockchain and cryptocurrency policy in an attempt to boost the country’s international competitiveness in this new technological field.

Presidential Candidate Wants Blockchain Policies for Nigeria

buy bitcoin in nigeriaAtiku Abubakar’s highly optimistic manifesto, Let’s Get Nigeria Working Again, stated his desire to build “a knowledge-based economy in which a highly developed ICT sector, with wide applications in commerce, education, health and other areas of human endeavour, plays a significant role.” One of the areas he thinks will play a vital role in achieving his plans is the cryptocurrency and blockchain industry as he outlined in his 2019 policy document.

If elected, he wants to create “a comprehensive policy on blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies by the relevant government agencies.” However, the document does not provide any clue as to what the policy will contain except that he believes regulating cryptocurrencies can offer job opportunities for the Nigerian people and income for his government.

“According to the policy plan he laid out, a planned blockchain and cryptocurrency framework would be looked into by the administration. To what end? We can’t say for now…but the blockchain community believes it’s a step in the right direction. We have been broadly unregulated in the space in Nigeria,” Munachi Ogueke, co-founder of Nigerian start-up Cryset, told ITWebAfrica.

Ndubuisi Ekekwe, a prominent Nigerian professor and technologist, had also made a case for a cohesive roadmap for the blockchain. He explained that Nigeria could deploy the distributed ledger technology for the development of the nation. “It would be locally-flavoured focusing on areas where these technologies could help the nation,” he explained.

Many other African countries, like Kenya and Rwanda, have developed something close to a roadmap. Earlier in the year, the Kenyan government constituted an 11-member task force to explore the use of distributed ledger technology and artificial intelligence. The 11-member task force developed a roadmap and proposed creating a digital asset registry and a digital currency for the country.

Drop in Trading Volumes Should Not Deter Policymakers From Embracing the Blockchain

Cryptocurrency trading, which became significantly popular in Nigeria in 2017, has begun to lose its steam moving alongside the drop in the price of bitcoin. Leadership.ng reported that local trading volumes dipped to N1.08 billion in the second week of November. That is the lowest volume since September 2017.

Though prices of cryptocurrencies and trading volume have gone into a free fall, that should not deter the Nigerian government from embracing digital currencies and their underlying technology. Governments all over the world are still exploring the use of blockchain in specific industries and have started to develop regulations that encourage innovative solutions and can help guide the development of this nascent industry.

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5 Ways Blockchain Will Transform the Gaming Industry

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blockchain gaming industry

In the last decade, we have seen the gaming industry being rapidly transformed by the introduction of new technologies which allow for immersive experiences, such as AI, VR, and AR. However, one of the latest of these emerging technologies — blockchain — is set to redefine the future of gaming by turning what has been seen as a leisure activity into a potential economic endeavour.

In this respect, blockchain looks set to disrupt the gaming industry, and enable a new way for players and developers to interact with gaming platforms. With nearly 70% of the American population playing video games, and with the gaming market forecasted to be worth more than $138 billion by the end of the year, how is blockchain set to transform the gaming industry?

1. Gamers will have full control of their virtual assets

Due to the risk of assets being duplicated, gaming companies often store in-game assets on centralised servers. However, this means that gamers don’t actually own their purchased virtual assets, and don’t have the capacity to buy, sell, or trade assets outside of the game. Currently, if a gamer wants to trade or sell virtual assets, they would have to do it through non-traditional means.

Blockchain allows full transparency and decentralised control of virtual assets, meaning players will have ownership of their virtual assets. They will be able to exchange these assets with other players, and for assets on other games, instantly. Gamers will also be able to use their virtual assets across different games, providing players with a more personalised video gaming experience.

2. Players stand to be rewarded for their interaction with video games

Through the tokenisation of platforms, players will be able to earn tokens for playing, reviewing, or sharing games on social media. Players will also be incentivised to provide reviews and feedback to developers, leading to the improvement of games available. Blockchain will allow players’ activities to be tracked, and for them to be rewarded accurately and instantly.

3. Blockchain builds gamer credibility and accountability

As the blockchain is an immutable ledger which records all transactions and allows players to use their account across multiple games services, gamers’ interactions, player history, and trading of in-game items are always tracked and documented. With these records made publicly available, a player’s reputation is tied to the blockchain, therefore encouraging good behavior within the community. This builds and fosters a safer gaming environment, giving value to those with credible reputations, and encourages transparency within the gaming ecosystem.

4. Better security for games

In the past, virtual goods ownership and trading was never fully possible. For example, the rare or expensive item players worked hard or paid for was often copied by fraudsters and resold, making their item neither unique nor as valuable.

Blockchain prevents the trading of illegal virtual assets on the black market, as well as the hacking and stealing of keys, by creating an immutable ledger of that item and who it belongs to, making duplicating impossible. After all, the original purpose of blockchain was to irrefutably prove ownership of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.

5. Transparent and faster payments to developers and gamers

UltraBlockchain technology will allow players to purchase items or games faster while ensuring their payments are secure. Developers are increasingly having a hard time selling their software outside of app stores, which result in large commission fees and loss of control over their own customers. Blockchain makes it possible to process nano-payments and for developers to get paid instantly, enabling developers to quickly reinvest money in their game launch marketing.

Meanwhile, gamers will have access to a range of new revenue opportunities, with proof-of-activity potentially earning gamers free swag.

This guest post was contributed by Nicolas Gilot, Co-CEO of Ultra, a blockchain-based, game publishing platform designed to put an end to the current PC game market status quo.

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IBM Egypt Continues to Locally Invest in And Develop Blockchain Solutions

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IBM Egypt

IBM Egypt General Manager, Wael Abdoush, stated that the technology giant will continue to locally invest in and develop blockchain solutions in light of the promising economic reforms that are being put into place in the North African nations.

Blockchain Technology in Egypt

Abdoush stated that IBM is ready to offer blockchain technology in the local market as IBM seeks to develop technological solutions to meet customers needs in line with the government’s economic development plan. That includes the Egyptian government’s 2030 plan of digital transformation.

blockchainIBM offers continuous online training of graduates and employees on its platform called Digital Nation Africa. It provides the required skills and training to deal with the latest technologies, such as the blockchain, AI, Internet of Things (IoT), and data analytics. According to Abdoush, “the main mission focus is to spread the digital transformation and lead more of our clients on the path to becoming Cloud and Cognitive digital businesses.”

Regarding offering blockchain technology solutions in Egypt, Abdoush says it is only natural since it is now a global phenomenon. He said: “There are many bodies which can benefit from these solutions and applications, and several generations can use the Blockchain technology. IBM is a global leader in Blockchain, as we believe this technology will revolutionize business as the Internet did in the 1990s; and there are several authorities in Egypt that have already taken steps towards relying on this technology in their work.”

The Law and Blockchain

Abdoush believes that the Egyptian market needs to develop the existing legislation in order for them to keep up with the continuous technological developments rather than create new laws. In the recent past, the attitude towards cryptocurrencies has been less than welcome in Egypt. It seems, however, that the acceptance of the blockchain by the Egyptians mirrors that of the world. Adoption of blockchain technology with better regulatory and operational framework seems to be the path Egypt is taking.

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