Connect with us

Blockchain Technology

How Blockchain Technology Can Streamline Transfers of Land Ownership

Published

on

Blockchain technology land ownership

Many Kenyans rely on brokers and advocates when it comes to the transfer of land title deeds due to the tedious amount of paperwork and long queues they have to deal with otherwise. The result is that most advocates or brokers end up taking advantage of the situation by charging high fees with some transactions even being rather unscrupulous. However, if planned blockchain technology adoption by Kenya gets the green light, things could change for the better as a blockchain-based process can create transparency by linking an individual’s details with his or her land or any other property they own.

The Blockchain is an immutable distributed digital ledger that is used to record and process transactions across a decentralised web of computers. Land records stored using the technology will thus be void of fraudulent editing, human error, and deletion.

The use of blockchain technology in resolving land registry issues will put Kenya on the map together with developed countries that are already utilising the technology for its endless benefits. This also comes at a time when leaders in the technology industry have been researching on the use of blockchain technology beyond digital currencies.

Transparency in Land Ownership and Transfers

In December 2016, the Kenyan government issued a statement saying they were piloting the use of the technology to keep track of land transactions and educational data according to BusinessDaily.

“This will not only increase security but will also help fight corruption by distributing the maintenance of records to all parties involved, rather than to a few. By allowing participants to see who owns, sells, and divides land, the technology will enhance verification and transparency,” said the Technical Manager, Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW), Mr Lyford-Smith.

The institute is an accountant’s body based in the United Kingdom and is a pioneer member of the Chartered Accountants Worldwide and the Global Accounting Alliance. The institute stated that blockchain technology can boost coherence in land registry.

In the latest report released by Blockchain and the Future of Accountancy, the institute believes that land registration can gain from the technology, particularly in the history and transfer of proprietary rights of property.

Mr. Lyford-Smith went on to add,

“The technology can create a clear and permanent record of ownership and transfer of ownership, which can facilitate additional liquidity in the economy.”

The report cited examples of the use of blockchain technology to digitise title deeds and minimise property fraud that were done in Sweden, Georgia, and Honduras. In Honduras for instance, the report highlights how corruption can be a thing of the past by use of the blockchain to issue land title deeds that are free from any human edits while the government of Georgia has partnered with BitFury to develop a blockchain-based network for land registration. Bringing it closer home to Africa, Bitland, a Ghanaian-based startup, is also making use of blockchain technology to provide land registry services.

Ending an Era of Fraudulent Brokers and Advocates

Land cartels have for a long time now been conning unsuspecting Kenyans. Many experts feel the Kenyan government should emulate the countries that are already utilising the blockchain as most Kenyans have lost trust in the purity of title deeds and security of tenure.

The report by ICAEW indicates that the process of land registry on the blockchain would begin by tokenising the land in question. This means each portion of land will have a representation created that showcases it as a digital asset recorded on the blockchain after which each landowner will have the right tokens issued to them. While the benefits of blockchain technology are massive and beneficial, the report observes that the change process is no small task based on the complexity of the existing structures.

The Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning recently upgraded its electronic management system so as to fasten the transaction process. This means that Kenyan citizens will now need to make use of the e-citizen platform to pay for all the necessary duties and fees online.

“For your land to be listed on the ‘manage property’ page, you are required to validate it with your local land registry with your original title or certificate of lease, your original Identity Card (ID) and Kenya Revenue Authority pin during working hours,” mentioned Nicholas Muraguri, Lands principal secretary.

Kenya, being an economic giant in the East African region, will gain a lot by implementing the land registry process using blockchain technology and can join countries like Ghana and Rwanda that are already making use of the technology to digitise their land registry process.

Blockchain Technology

How Kenya’s ICT Ministry is Embracing the Blockchain

Published

on

Kenya's ICT Ministry

Kenya’s ICT Cabinet Secretary, Joe Mucheru, recently announced that his ministry is in the process of creating a blockchain and artificial intelligence (AI) task force. The main objective of this task force is to promote efficiency and transparency in the public and private sectors.

The blockchain, which is bitcoin’s underpinning technology, is a decentralised digital ledger that securely and transparently records, stores, and transfers data in an immutable manner. Artificial intelligence (AI) allows machines such as computers to learn from experiences and carry out human-like tasks with the knowledge they acquire.

The Task Force and Creation of Digital Jobs

According to a report by Kenyan Wall Street, the task force will comprise of “local blockchain startups, experts, academics, researchers, local ICT experts, various regulatory bodies, lawyers, and representatives from a number of corporates including IBM.”

The task force will be expected to promote and adopt the blockchain and AI. The comprehensive strategy, which is the guide for the task force, will research and test the different applications of the blockchain and AI. The government expects to use these applications to increase efficiency and transparency in product and service delivery. In addition, the task force will offer support to blockchain startups as well.

“We are an enabler, so we allow technology to create efficiency, transparency, and even innovation. I also want to make sure even as we look at the future, we are not left behind in such an area. For instance on the blockchain, […] or the hashgraphs. We want to be part of that growth. We missed out on the internet, [but we shall not miss out on the blockchain],” CS Mucheru stated during an interview with Citizen TV.

As reported by KTN News, CS Mucheru also mentioned plans by the ministry to create digital jobs for Kenya’s youth and to instill the relevant skills to enable them to work on digital tasks remotely.

The Blockchain is Slowly Going Mainstream in Kenya

The Ministry of ICT is not alone in its interest towards the blockchain. Several banks, the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Lands are already testing the technology. Additionally, the governor of the Central bank of Kenya, Dr. Njoroge showed support for the technology during a press briefing last year.

But What of Digital Currencies?

Blockchain technology could be going mainstream in Kenya, but regulators are still adamant about digital currencies. However, a recent report by Citibank ranked Kenyans fifth as the largest bitcoin holders per capita in the world. These statistics could be an indication that bitcoin is also going mainstream.

In an interview with Citizen TV, CS Mucheru said that he is an advocate for digital currencies.

“I think [the Central Bank of Kenya has] a role and a responsibility to play and I do not think we are going to be fighting about it. […] Whether we want to be a part of it or not, it is not our choice; the world is already moving in that direction. […] We need to take that risk,” he stated.

While testing the applications of blockchain technology in the public and private sector is a huge step for Kenya, implementing these applications could have a great impact on Kenya’s economy. What’s more, continuous research and experimentation in blockchain technology beyond the five-year term of the current government should be prioritised.

Continue Reading

Blockchain Technology

World Blockchain Summit to be Held in Nairobi on March 22-23

Published

on

World Blockchain Summit

Nairobi, Kenya will host the World Blockchain Summit on March 22-23 2018. The conference aims to connect global blockchain experts, investors, and startups in the space, to discuss the nature of blockchain technology and its many possible applications in various sectors.

Kenya plays a pivotal role in the cryptocurrency and blockchain space with a number of local startups leveraging the technology to offer financial services. In addition, various government agencies are experimenting with the open source distributed ledger technology in sectors such as transport, health and land for digital identity verification, proof of land ownership, and authentication of records.

Topics Discussed and Key Speakers

The conference will focus on a number of topics that are crucial to the development of blockchain technology in Africa along with use cases from other parts of the world. Some of the discussions will touch on the blockchain proof of concept, impact of blockchain technology in private and public sector, the benefits of smart contracts, blockchain disrupting retail and supply industries, and blockchain in healthcare to name a few.

The keynote speakers confirmed for the event are the founder of Naked Technologies Marco Robinson, marketing and communications expert, Danielle Di-Masi, Technical Consultant/Systems Integrator National Identity Management Commission (NIMC) Tunji Durodola, founder & CEO of Feelogical Solutions Muhammad Salman, and Michael Kimani, founder of the Kenyan Blockchain Association.

For more information about speakers read here.

Pitching Competition

In addition to the conference, there will be a pitching competition. Emerging startups from around the globe will have an opportunity to introduce their solutions by delivering a six-minute elevator pitch and compete to win the best blockchain technology idea. Selected companies will then compete in the Startup World Cup finals which will be held in 2019 in San Fransisco, for the grand prize of a $1,000,000.

The summit is also happening in nine other countries with government partnerships and private sponsorships. These include locations such as Moscow, Singapore, Malaysia, India, Frankfurt, Rio, the Middle East, with Philippines and Vietnam still at the planning phases. Event organisers Trescon Global have 600+ delegates, 40 speakers, 25 sponsors and 20 startup exhibitors who have been part of the previous events and are now expecting to get a similar response for the Nairobi Edition.

Buy Your Ticket Now

Booking for super early bird tickets will close on 20th January 2018, and go for $295. Early bird tickets will close on 20th February 2018 and go for $495. Standard tickets will go for $695 thereafter.

For more information about the conference or to buy tickets, visit nairobi.worldblockchainsummit.com.

Continue Reading

Blockchain Technology

How the Blockchain Can Prevent Drug Counterfeiting in Kenya

Published

on

Drug Counterfeiting Kenya

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a counterfeit medicine as “one which is deliberately and fraudulently mislabelled with respect to its identity and/or source. Counterfeiting can apply to both branded and generic products and counterfeit products may include products with the correct or wrong ingredients, without active ingredients, with insufficient active ingredients or with fake packaging.”

The port of Mombasa has been a point of entry for counterfeit drugs in Kenya and the East African region. According to a report by the Daily Nation, “the value of potentially dangerous pharmaceutical products sourced mainly from China and India is estimated at six billion Kenyan shillings.” The most commonly counterfeited drugs are antimalarials, morning-after pills, antihistamines, cough syrups, antibiotics, and viagra.

Counterfeit drugs are not only a health risk to patients but also increase the cost of getting better. According to IBM, over 122,000 children under the age of five in Africa die because of counterfeit anti-malarial drugs. Therefore, the IBM lab in Haifa, Israel is researching the use of the blockchain in preventing counterfeit drugs.

How the Blockchain Can Be Applied in the Pharma Supply Chain

The blockchain is a decentralised digital ledger that records and transfers data in a fast, secure, and transparent manner. When applied in the pharmaceutical supply chain, the blockchain tracks the drugs at each stage from the pharmaceutical company to the patient.

The IBM research solution involves a permissioned blockchain and a mobile interface. Every party on the network is certified and authorised to initiate an action and complete, track, and verify their transactions. Here is a breakdown of the different functions that the blockchain offers:

Trust: the blockchain comprises of a trusted network of pharmaceutical companies, delivery carriers, chemists, hospitals, and clinics. For example, the pharmaceutical companies on the blockchain are trustworthy and offer authentic drugs. Therefore, any person ordering drugs on the blockchain-based network is assured of getting industry-approved products.

Registration: every order that is made is registered on the blockchain for easy tracking and tracing.

Authentication: at each stage of the supply chain, a party’s’ identity is authenticated using the blockchain to enable him/her to carry out a transaction.

Verification: when drugs are being transferred from one party to the other, verification is important. That is to say that the blockchain will verify that a carrier has received the delivery from a pharmaceutical company by confirming that they are in the same location. Verification is also done by scanning the QR codes and the serial numbers of the drugs.

Recording: every transaction that takes place is recorded on the blockchain ledger. A record is taken when, for instance, the clinic accepts the delivery transfer from the carrier. In addition, the recording process ensures that the pharmaceutical company can check the delivery status of the daily orders made.

Ratings: ratings are given to carriers and pharmaceutical companies depending on their ability to deliver quality services and products to hospitals and clinics. Consequently, every party on the network will strive for high ratings in order to increase their chances of getting more business.

Tracking: the clinic or hospital that has made the order receives a tracking code to their phone via SMS to enable easy tracking of the delivery to their doorstep.

The Benefits of a Blockchain-based Pharma Supply Chain

Reduced health risks

The blockchain brings together a network of certified parties. That means that drugs are sourced from legitimate pharmaceutical companies that manufacture drugs according to industry standards. As a result, patients stay safe because the drugs they consume are also safe.

Decreased costs

Counterfeit drugs increase costs because they lack the active ingredient needed to cure diseases. However, authentic drugs work as they should hence curing patients within the expected time period.

Faster orders

The blockchain makes the process of finding trustworthy pharmaceuticals easy and fast. Additionally, a pharmaceutical company can view on the blockchain which carriers are available to make deliveries immediately.

Increased transparency

At each stage of the supply chain, parties authenticate using the blockchain and the drugs are verified through QR codes and serial numbers. In addition, every transaction is recorded on the blockchain and it can be traced and tracked. Therefore, the possibility of getting a different package from what was registered on the blockchain by the pharmaceutical is effectively non-existent.

The war against counterfeit drugs in Kenya might seem difficult but with the implementation of the blockchain in the pharmaceutical supply chain, it can be won. In a sector where it is difficult to know who you can trust and who you cannot, the blockchain creates trust.

Continue Reading

Popular Posts